Men, Boys, and LGBTQ: Invisible Victims of Human Trafficking

  • Irma M. BarronEmail author
  • Colleen Frost


Gender bias, i.e., the assumption embedded in traditional masculinity that men are not vulnerable, especially not vulnerable to sexual exploitation, impedes the understanding of the victimization of boys and men. The estimated percentage of trafficked males is unknown, in part due to underreporting. However, we do know that male trafficking is prevalent in the child pornography industry, which is compromised of more than half of males. Additionally, Forced labor trafficking is another area in which trafficking of men and boys is widespread. Working conditions, threats to harm families, and physical and sexual abuse contribute to victimization of LGBTQ men and boys by turning a blind eye to their suffering. In addition, some men who are trafficked do not identify with being gay so they would not necessarily seek support from LGBTQ services either. This section will present prevalence data about what we known about the victimization of boys and men and outline the controversy between decriminalizing sex work and maintaining current criminalization.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carlos Albizu UniversityMiamiUSA

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