Vulnerability Factors When Women and Girls Are Trafficked

  • Kelley A. Gill
  • Giselle Gaviria


This book chapter reviews some of the vulnerabilities that continue to be crucial for prevention, intervention, and the effective treatment of survivors. Risk factors vary across countries and cultures; however, at least 80% of sex trafficking victims are women and girls. It is important to also understand stages of potential sex trafficking where childhood trauma, lack of school and/or family connectedness, and political turmoil also have a heavy influence.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelley A. Gill
    • 1
  • Giselle Gaviria
    • 2
  1. 1.Nova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA
  2. 2.Walker and AssociatesFort LauderdaleUSA

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