Statistics on Human Trafficking Around the World
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There is a continuous need to research the psychological effects of sex trafficking on victims and survivors around the world. In 2000, the United States became the primary leader in combating issues of human trafficking, including sex trafficking, by passing the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA). This anti-trafficking legislation authorized the establishment of the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (TIP) in the U.S. Department of State (TIP, 2015). The TIP Annual Report is based on the efforts of complying countries that participate in new legislation and support anti-trafficking efforts. Despite this compliance, many have criticized the reliability of statistics disclosed by each individual country, and some have argued that “Human trafficking remains a hidden crime” (CdeBaca & Sigmon, 2014).
- Department of State. (2007) U.S. trafficking in persons report. (U.S. DOS Publication Number 11407). Retrieved from http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/82902.pdf
- Mahler, C., Gaviria, G., Sarachaga-Barato, N., & Walker, L. E. (2015). Comparison of transnational sex trafficking protection efforts: A comprehensive review. Poster presented at the International Psychology of Women’s Summit, Toronto, Canada.Google Scholar
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (UNODC, 2012). Global report on trafficking in persons 2012. Vienna, Austria: Author. Retrieved from https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/glotip/Trafficking_in_Persons_2012_web.pdf
- U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. (TIP, 2014). Trafficking in persons report 2014. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from https://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/2014/
- U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. (TIP, 2015). Trafficking in persons report 2015. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from https://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/2015/