Organized Crime, Gangs, and Trafficking

  • Mackenzie Lambine
  • Giselle Gaviria


Youth gang involvement has received intensive scholarly, public, and administrative attention during the past few decades (Decker, Melde, & Pyrooz, 2013). In the USA, the modern street gang has been a significant feature of the urban landscape in various regions since around the 1950s and was found to be heavily dependent upon trends in rapid urbanization and immigration (Howell & Moore, 2010). A street gang is a variation on the traditional adolescent peer group, where most of its members engage in various violent or non-violent offending when compared to their demographically similar counterparts (Melde & Esbensen, 2013). Gang-related crime and non-gang-affiliated group crime are a worldwide phenomenon, the behavioral and psychological dynamics of which are similar (Hagedorn, 2005).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mackenzie Lambine
    • 1
  • Giselle Gaviria
    • 2
  1. 1.Middlesex UniversityLondonUK
  2. 2.Walker and AssociatesFort LauderdaleUSA

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