The Criminal Act at the Core of the Nexus Security–Insecurity: A Tentative Approach to Female Crime

  • Catarina Frois


To what extent can we consider the criminal act as a strategy, a choice, a necessity, an opportunity or even the inevitable outcome in the individual struggle to deal with adversity, inequality, discrimination, fear or vulnerability—in short, as a way to obtain security? This is the working hypothesis developed in this chapter, offering an exploratory reflection around the nexus security–criminality, framed within the broader theoretical concept of human security with a specific focus on (failed) state interventions and its implications on female crime.


Human security Welfare state Social exclusion Female crime Agency 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catarina Frois
    • 1
  1. 1.CRIAInstituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE)LisbonPortugal

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