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New Proposal for Classifying Root and Root Canal Morphology

  • Hany M. A. Ahmed
  • Marco A. Versiani
  • Gustavo De-Deus
  • Paul M. H. Dummer
Chapter

Abstract

Understanding the anatomy of roots and root canals is fundamental for successful root canal treatment and endodontic surgery. There are numerous reports on anatomical variations of teeth, and several classifications of canal configurations have been proposed. Recently, improved nondestructive digital imaging systems and the use of magnification in clinical practice have further highlighted the complexities of root canal anatomy. This chapter reviews the existing classifications of root and root canal morphology and introduces a new, accurate, simple, and reliable system for research, clinical, and training purposes.

Keywords

Anatomy Canal configuration Micro-CT Morphology Root Root canal 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hany M. A. Ahmed
    • 1
  • Marco A. Versiani
    • 2
  • Gustavo De-Deus
    • 3
  • Paul M. H. Dummer
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of DentistryUniversity MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Restorative Dentistry, Dental School of Ribeirão PretoUniversity of São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  3. 3.School of DentistryFluminense Federal UniversityNiteróiBrazil
  4. 4.School of Dentistry, College of Biomedical and Life SciencesCardiff UniversityCardiffUK

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