Brexit pp 33-56 | Cite as

Cooperation or Integration? Churchill’s Attitude Towards Organization of Europe

  • David Ramiro TroitiñoEmail author
  • Tanel Kerikmäe
  • Archil Chochia
  • Andrea Hrebickova


This chapter analyzes Churchill’s regard on European integration mainly through his political speeches, especially one in The Hague Congress and one in the University of Zurich. First part provides historical context, political ideas of Churchill, his attitude to European integration and the process of integration itself. The chapter also shows us the original plans for creating of European Union, Churchill’s support of League of Nations, and his scepticism about integration. Through his participation in the process of European integration, we can see obvious British influence and we can understand the traditional British approach to the EU.


Churchill European integration League of Nations EFTA Churchill’s speeches 


  1. Addison P (1980) The political beliefs of Winston Churchill. Trans R Hist Soc., 5th ser. 30:23–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alldritt K (1992) Churchill the writer: his life as a man of letters. Hutchinson, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Ashley M (1968) Churchill as historian. Charles Scribner’s Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Barroso JMD (2013) ‘From 1946 till today – a European success story. Why leadership matters’ download at
  5. Braghiroli S (2007) The challenges to democracy in the interwar period: lessons from the past relevant today. Poland, Lithuania, and Czechoslovakia in an extended Rokkanian perspective. CEU Polit Sci J 4:358–380Google Scholar
  6. Bruyning LF (1990) Italy-Europe. Rodopi, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  7. Carter VB (1965) Winston Churchill: an intimate portrait. Hartcourt, Brace & World, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Charmley J (2014) Churchill: the end of glory: a political biography. Faber & Faber, LondonGoogle Scholar
  9. Churchill W (1930) A roving commission: my early life. C. Scribner’s Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Churchill W (1944) Speech at Harvard University, 6 September 1943, Onwards to VictoryGoogle Scholar
  11. Churchill W (1946) Sinews of peace (iron curtain speech). Westminster College, FultonGoogle Scholar
  12. Churchill W (1947a) Speech at a conservative mass meeting, Llandudno, 9 October 1948. In: Randolph SC (ed) Europe Unite–speechesGoogle Scholar
  13. Churchill W (1947b) Speech to the house of commons, the official report, house of commons (5th Series) 444Google Scholar
  14. Churchill W (1949) Europe unites: the story of the campaign for European Unity, including a full report of the congress of Europe held at The Hague, may, 1948. Hollis & Carter, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Churchill W (1968) Marlborough, his life and times, vol 1. Scribner, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Churchill W, James RR (1974) Winston S. Churchill: his complete speeches, 1897–1963. Chelsea House Publications, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Coombs D et al (2004) Sir Winston Churchill: his life and his paintings. Running Press, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  18. D’Este C (2010) Warlord: the fighting life of Winston Churchill, from soldier to statesman. RUSI J 155(5):95Google Scholar
  19. Duchin BR (1992) The “agonizing reappraisal”: Eisenhower, Dulles, and the European defense community. Dipl Hist 16(2):201–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gilbert M (1983) Finest hour: Winston S. Churchill 1939–41. William Heinemann, PortsmouthGoogle Scholar
  21. Gilbert M (1992) Churchill: a life. Henry Holt and Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  22. Hughes EJ (1974) Winston Churchill and the formation of the United Nations organization. J Contemp Hist 9(4):177–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jenkins R (2012) Churchill: a biography. Pan Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Ramiro Troitiño D (2008) De Gaulle and the European Communities. In: Proceedings of the Institute for European Studies, Tallinn University of Technology, no 4, pp 139–152Google Scholar
  25. Ramiro Troitiño D (2009) Margaret Thatcher and the EU. European Union: current political and economic issuesGoogle Scholar
  26. Ramiro Troitiño D (2013) European integration: building Europe. Nova Science Publishers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  27. Ramiro Troitiño D, Chochia A (2015) Winston Churchill and the European Union. Balt J Law Polit 8(1):55–81Google Scholar
  28. Rasor EL (2000) Winston S. Churchill, 1874–1965: a comprehensive historiography and annotated bibliography. Greenwood, BengaluruGoogle Scholar
  29. Russell D (2005) Winston Churchill – soldier: the military life of a gentleman at war. Conway Maritime PressGoogle Scholar
  30. Russett B (1994) Grasping the democratic peace: principles for a post-Cold War world. Princeton University Press, PrincetonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shlaim A (1974) Prelude to downfall: the British offer of union to France, June 1940. J Contemp Hist 9(3):27–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Thompson RW (1973) Generalissimo Churchill. Blue Cloud Books, PhoenixGoogle Scholar
  33. Young JW (1985) Churchill’s ‘no’ to Europe: the ‘rejection’ of European Union by Churchill’s post-war government, 1951–1952. Hist J 28(04):923–937CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Ramiro Troitiño
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tanel Kerikmäe
    • 1
  • Archil Chochia
    • 1
  • Andrea Hrebickova
    • 2
  1. 1.Tallinn Law SchoolTallinn University of TechnologyTallinnEstonia
  2. 2.Faculty of LawPalacký University OlomoucOlomoucCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations