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Basic Radiation Protection Related to the Assessment of Remediation Measures in Radioactively Contaminated Areas

  • Jozef Sabol
Chapter

Abstract

Various peaceful applications of radioactive sources, the operation of nuclear facilities, radioactive waste management and accidents involving radioactive material as well as nuclear weapons testing (up to the 1960s) have resulted in some radioactive contamination of vast areas in different parts of the world. There is also a certain small contribution to this contamination from past practices, when no strict requirements had been introduced. Some of the affected areas, where the population may be exposed to higher levels close or even exceeding the present regulatory requirements or where the environment has been radioactively contaminated in excess of the introduced activity concentrations above the level considered now as being unjustifiable, require appropriate remediation actions in order to reduce the exposure and radioactive contamination levels in line with the relevant current national and international standards. In order to implement these standards and any other relevant requirements for assessing the impact of radioactively contaminated sites, the exposure of persons and the radioactive contamination of affected areas has to be quantified based on a sound generally accepted system of quantities and units. This is why the introduction of such a system is of primary importance to ensure consistent and unambiguous understanding and interpretation of the monitoring results expressed in well-defined quantities. The same approach should also be applied in recommending appropriate limits or reference levels ensuring the adequate radiation protection of people and the environment.

Keywords

Radioactive waste management Radiation exposure Radioactive contamination Radiation quantities Radiation units Radiation protection Dose limits Reference levels 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jozef Sabol
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Crisis ManagementPACRPragueCzech Republic

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