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Toward a History of the Teaching of Calculation in Russia

  • Alexander Karp
Chapter
Part of the Mathematics Education in the Digital Era book series (MEDE, volume 11)

Abstract

This chapter is devoted to the history of teaching calculation in Russia. It is a history in which political, pedagogical, and technological questions intersect, and much in it sounds quite contemporary and gives the mathematics educator much to think about. We analyze certain sections of Russian textbooks and approaches employed by them. Some characteristics specific to Russia are also discussed: the use of so-called number alphabets and the Russian abacus during certain periods.

Keywords

Calculation Educational goals Russian abacus Number alphabets Mental calculation Arithmetic textbooks 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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