Advertisement

Scratching the Surface: “Appearance” as a Bridging Concept between Design Ontology and Design Aesthetics

  • Annina Schneller
Chapter
Part of the Design Research Foundations book series (DERF)

Abstract

What is design? Definitions range from design as a product or process of thinking, modelling or problem solving, to all-encompassing visions of design as the transformation of social environments. Some definitions of design stress the aspect of function, others the similarity with art. Even if we try to break down the definition to design objects in the sense of designed material artefacts such as chairs, books or buildings, defining their essential properties proves difficult. What is the special ingredient that makes an artefact a design object? Based on the philosophical method of conceptual analysis, the present chapter asserts that any definition of design objects necessarily includes their appearance. Since the creation of appearance and aesthetic experience is an essential task of design, the study of aesthetics should consider design among its paramount subjects. This argumentation leads to an astonishing conclusion for traditional philosophy: The philosophical divide between ontology and aesthetics is bridged when it comes to design objects.

Keywords

Design definition Design ontology Design aesthetics Appearance 

References

  1. Alexander, C. (1971). Notes on the synthesis of form. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Alloa, E. (2016). Produktiver Schein: Phänomenotechnik zwischen Ästhetik und Wissenschaft. Zeitschrift für Ästhetik und Allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft, 60(2), 169–182.Google Scholar
  3. Bayazit, N. (2004). Investigating design: A review of forty years of design research. Design Issues, 20(1), 16–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Behrisch, S., & Brock, B. (2015). Schwarzer Humor. Das Magazin, 49, 24–26.Google Scholar
  5. Böhme, G. (2013). Atmosphäre: Essays zur neuen Ästhetik. Berlin: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  6. Buchanan, R. (1985). Declaration by design: Rhetoric, argument, and demonstration in design practice. Design Issues, 2(1), 4–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buchanan, R. (1992). Wicked problems in design thinking. Design Issues, 8(2), 5–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Burckhardt, L. (2012). Design ist unsichtbar: Entwurf, Gesellschaft & Pädagogik. Berlin: Martin Schmitz.Google Scholar
  9. Cross, N. (2007). Designerly ways of knowing. Basel: Birkhäuser.Google Scholar
  10. Dewey, J. (2005). Art as experience. New York: Perigee Books.Google Scholar
  11. Dorst, K., & Cross, N. (2001). Creativity in the design process: Co-evolution of problem-solution. Design Studies, 22(5), 425–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fuller, R.B. (1955). Influences on my work. Reprinted in J. Krausse & C. Lichtenstein (2001) (Eds.), Your private sky: Discourse R. Buckminster Fuller (pp. 48–61). Baden: Lars Müller.Google Scholar
  13. Kimbell, L. (2011). Rethinking design thinking: Part I. Design and Culture, 3(3), 285–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Locke, J. (2012). An essay concerning human understanding. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  15. Rowe, P. G. (1987). Design thinking. Cambridge, MA: The M.I.T. Press.Google Scholar
  16. Russell, B. (1998). The problems of philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Schneller, A. (2015). Design rhetoric: Studying the effects of designed objects. Nature and Culture, 10(3), 333–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schön, D. A. (1983). The reflective practitioner: How professionals think in action. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  19. Simon, H. A. (1969). The science of the artificial. Cambridge, MA: The. M.I.T. Press.Google Scholar
  20. Vial, S. (2015a). The effect of design: A phenomenological contribution to the quiddity of design presented in geometrical order. Art, 3(4), 4.1–4.6.Google Scholar
  21. Vial, S. (2015b). Philosophy applied to design: A design research teaching method. Design Studies, 37, 59–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bern University of the ArtsBernSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations