Advertisement

Environmental Governance As a Framework for Mangrove Sustainability on the Brazilian Amazon Coast

  • Indira A. L. Eyzaguirre
  • Marcus E. B. Fernandes
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 25)

Abstract

The mangrove ecosystem is subject to the dynamics of symbiotic relationships between the social and ecological system, according to the use of the ecosystem services of this forest. However, the environmental conflicts have increased due to the social metabolism and the terms of economic development. The dwellers are environmentally responsible for the mangrove ecosystem governance on the Brazilian Amazon coast. They heavily depend on the mangrove resource, such as dewllers who live inside and in the surroundings of the Caeté-Taperaçu Marine Extractive Reserve (MER). This type of Conservation Unit (CU) aims to generate sustainable development, and users identify direct and indirect drivers of change according to the dependence of the mangroves and the handling experience of this ecosystem. Besides them, the Brazilian State, through the promulgation of laws also govern environmentally forests of mangroves in the MER, but mandatorily. The practice of environmental inspection is run by federal institutions through conservation tools ruled by the federal policy guidelines. Finally, the MER environmental governance, as a space where ecological and social dynamics occurs, is formed by networks that include some principles such as the social actors’ responsibilities, as well as the representations, the transparency and accountability of the management, and the resilience as a strategic vision for the sustainable conservation of these units.

Keywords

Common resources Ecosystem services Mangrove dwellers Environmental policy Conservation strategies 

References

  1. Abreu MMO, Veiga N, Costa-Neto SV, Fernandes MEB (2016) Vegetação Arbórea: Distribuição Espacial. In: Cruz S (ed) Os Manguezais da Costa Norte Brasileira vol IIII, 1st edn. Belém, pp 35–78Google Scholar
  2. Aguilar-Støen M, Toni F, Hirsch C (2016) Forest governance in Latin America: strategies for implementing REDD. In: Castro F, Hogenboom B, Baud M (eds) Environmental governance in Latin America. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, pp 205–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aras G, Crowther (eds) (2010) A handbook of corporate governance and social responsibility. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Barbier E (2014) Account for depreciation of natural capital. Nature 515(6):32–33CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Behling H, Cohen MCL, Lara RJ (2001) Studies on holocene mangrove ecosystem dynamics of the Bragança peninsula in north-eastern Para, Brazil. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol 167:225–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bockstael NE, McConnell KC (2007) Environmental and resource valuation with revealed preferences a theoretical guide to empirical models. In: Bateman IJ (ed) The economics of non-market goods and resources, vol 7. Springer, Dordrecht, p 375Google Scholar
  7. Brasil (1941) Federal Law 3.438/1941. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/decreto-lei/1937-1946/Del3438.htm (in Portuguese)
  8. Brasil (1946) Federal Law 9.760/1946. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/decreto-lei/Del9760.htm (in Portuguese)
  9. Brasil (1981) Federal Law 6.938/1981. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/L6938.htm (in Portuguese)
  10. Brasil (1988a) Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil 1988. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/constituicao/constituicao.htm. Accessed 15 May 2017
  11. Brasil (1988b) Federal Law 3.438/1941. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/decreto-lei/1937-1946/Del3438.htm (in Portuguese)
  12. Brasil (1989) Federal Law 7.797/1989. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/L7797.htm (in Portuguese)
  13. Brasil (1998) Federal Law 9.605/1998. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/L7797.htm (in Portuguese)
  14. Brasil (1999) Federal Law 9.785/1999. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/L9795.htm (in Portuguese)
  15. Brasil (2000) Federal Law 10.165/2000. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/L10165.htm (in Portuguese)
  16. Brasil (2002) Federal Decree 4340/2002. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/decreto/2002/d4340.htm (in Portuguese)
  17. Brasil (2005) Federal Decree 20/2005. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2004-2006/2005/Dnn/Dnn10531.htm (in Portuguese)
  18. Brasil (2006a) Federal Decree 5.758/2006. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2004-2006/2006/decreto/d5758.htm (in Portuguese)
  19. Brasil (2006b) Federal Law 9.785/1999. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/leis/L9795.htm (in Portuguese)
  20. Brasil (2008) Federal Decree 6.514/2008. Available from: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2007-2010/2008/decreto/d6514.htm (in Portuguese)
  21. Brasil (2011) Federal Law 12.512/2011. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2011-2014/2011/lei/l12512.htm (in Portuguese)
  22. Brasil (2017) Instrução normativa interministerial Mapa/MMA 6/2017. Available from: http://www.iobonline.com.br/Repository/ConsultaDoc?guid=I46C2774E6F9FB380E05330B5DE0A9E04&produto=iof (in Portuguese)
  23. Charlie C, Pearlman M, King B (2016) A conceptual framework for environmental governance networks: an analysis of small island destinations in Indonesia and the Coral Triangle. Transactions on Ecology and The Environment. Sustain Tour 161(5):189–202Google Scholar
  24. Collin P (2014) Dictionary of environment & ecology. Bloomsbury, LondonGoogle Scholar
  25. Cordell J Remapping the Waters: The significance of sea tenure-based protected áreas. International Center for Research on Environmental Issues. http://nupaub.fflch.usp.br/sites/nupaub.fflch.usp.br/files/remapping.pdf (2000). Accessed 25 Feb 2017
  26. Costanza R (1997) The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature 387(15):253–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Diegues A (1995) Povos e mares: Leituras em sócio antropologia marítima, 1st edn. Núcleo de Apoio à Pesquisa sobre Populações Humanas e Áreas Úmidas Brasileiras, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  28. Diegues AC (2008) O mito moderno da natureza intocada. NUPAUB, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  29. Duke NC, Meynecke JO, Dittmann S, Ellison AM, Anger K, Berger U, Cannicci S, Diele K, Ewel KC, Field CD, Koedam N, Lee SY, Marchand C, Nordhaus I, Dandouh-Guebas F (2007) A world without mangroves? Science 317:41–42CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. El-Robrini M, Silva MMA, Souza Filho PWM, El-Robrini MHS, Silva OG, França CF (2006) Parpa. In: Muehe D (ed) Erosão e progradação no litoral brasileiro. Ministério do Meio Ambiente, BrasíliaGoogle Scholar
  31. Eyzaguirre IAL (2017) Avaliação holística da dinâmica dos serviços ecossistêmicos dos manguezais e suas representações ambientais: estudo de caso na Reserva Extrativista Caeté-Taperaçu, costa amazônica brasileira. Thesis, Universidade Federal do ParáGoogle Scholar
  32. Farley J, Batker D, De la Torre I, Hudspeth T (2009) Conserving mangrove ecosystems in the Philippines: transcending disciplinary and institutional borders. Environ Manag 45(1):39–51. SpringerCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Fernandes MEB, Fernandes JS, Muriel-Cunha J, Sedovim WR, Gomes IA, Santana DA, Sampaio DS, Andrade FAG, Oliveira FP, Brabo LB, Silva Júnior MG, Elias MP (2007) Efeito da construção da rodovia PA-458 sobre as florestas de mangue da Peninsula Bragantina, Braganca, Para, Brasil. UAKARI: Revista eletrônica, Instituto de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá 3(1):55–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Galvão E (1955) Santos e visagens. Companhia Editora Nacional, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  35. Glaser M, Krause G, Oliveira R, Herazo-Fontalvo M (2010) Mangroves and people: a social-ecological system. In: Saint Paul U, Schneider H (eds) Mangrove dynamics and management in North Brazil, Ecological Studies Series 211. Springer, Bremen, pp 307–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Glicksman RL, Kaime T (2013) A Comparative analysis of accountability mechanisms for ecosystem services markets in the United States and the European Union. Transnatl Environ Law 2:259–283. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2047102513000125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Gravez V, Rivadeneira C, Heylings P, Luna D, Cabrera P, Curi M (2015) Gobernanza para el manejo de los recursos naturales y las áreas protegidas, Quito, EcuadorGoogle Scholar
  38. Groot R, Stuip M, Finlayson M, Davidson N (2007) Valoración de humedales lineamientos para valorar los beneficios derivados de los servicios de los ecosistemas de humedades, Gland, SuizaGoogle Scholar
  39. IBAMA (2012) Plano de manejo da Reserva Extrativista Marinha de Caeté-Taperaçu (PA)-Volume I, 1st edn. Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade, BrasíliaGoogle Scholar
  40. IBGE Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (2017) Biomas. http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/presidencia/noticias/21052004biomashtml.shtm. Accessed 15 Jan 2017
  41. ICMBIO Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (2012) Plano de manejo da Reserva Extrativista Marinha de Caeté-Taperaçu (PA). Diagnóstico, BrasíliaGoogle Scholar
  42. IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2002) Climate Change and Biodiversity, Technical paper VGoogle Scholar
  43. IPS Inter Press Services (2015) The blue Amazon, Brazil’s new natural resources frontier. http://www.ipsnews.net/2015/05/the-blue-amazon-brazils-new-natural-resources-frontier/. Accessed 15 May
  44. ISO International Organization for Standardization (2010) ISO 2010. https://www.iso.org/home.html. Accessed 15 Apr 2017
  45. Kairo JG (2008) Sustainable management of mangrove resources through a participatory approach – Kenya. In: Examples of successful experiences in coastal community development, vol 16. Special Unit for South-South Cooperation, United Nations Development Programme, New York, pp 97–108Google Scholar
  46. Krick T, Forstater M, Monaghan P, Sillanãã M (2006) El compromiso con los stakeholders. Manual para la práctica de las relaciones con los grupos de interés. Ottawa, CanadáGoogle Scholar
  47. Latour B (1993) We have never been modern, 1st edn. Massachusetts, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  48. Leff E (2004) Racionaldidad ambiental la reapropiación social de la naturaleza. Ciudad de México, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  49. Martínez-Alier J (2002) The environmentalism of the poor: a study of ecological conflicts and valuation. Edward Elgar, CheltenhamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Martinez-Alier J, Baud M, Sejenocihv H (2016) Origins and perspectives of Latin American environmentalism. In: Castro F, Hogenboom B, Baud M (eds) Environmental governance in Latin America, 1st edn. Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp 29–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. MEA Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Ecosystems and human well-being, synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  52. MMA Ministério do Meio Ambiente (2017). Available via DIALOG. http://www.mma.gov.br/areas-protegidas/instrumentos-de-gestao/s%C3%ADtios-ramsar. Accessed 16 Jan 2017
  53. Ocampo J (2015) La gobernanza económica y social y el sistema de las Naciones Unidas. In: Ocampo J (ed) Gobernanza global y desarrollo, nuevos desafíos y prioridades de la cooperación internacional, 1st edn. Argentina Siglo Veintiuno Editores, Buenos Aires, pp 31–70Google Scholar
  54. Odum E, Barret W (2008) Fundamentos de ecología. Ciudad de México, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  55. Oliveira F (2015) Análise da percepção dos extrativistas estuarino-costeiros sobre o zoneamento da extração do caranguejo-uçá (Ucides cordatus) e da madeira nos manguezais da RESEX-Marinha Caeté-Taperaçu, Pará, costa amazônica brasileira. Dissertation, Universidade Federal do ParáGoogle Scholar
  56. Oliveira F, Maneschy A, Fernandes M (2016) O caranguejo-uçá e a civilização do mangue. In: Fernandes MEB (ed) Os manguezais da Costa Norte Brasileira Vol. III, Gráfica e Editora Santa Cruz. Laboratório de Ecologia de Manguezal LAMA, Bragança, pp 146–175Google Scholar
  57. ONU (1945) Charter of the United Nations. San Francisco, USAGoogle Scholar
  58. ONU (1972) Report of the United Nations conference on the environment. http://www.un-documents.net/aconf48-14r1.pdf. Accessed 28 May 2017
  59. ONU (1992a) Non-legally binding authoritative statement of principles for a global consensus on the management, conservation and sustainable development of all types of forests. http://www.un.org/documents/ga/conf151/aconf15126-3annex3.htm. Accessed 25 Feb 2017
  60. ONU (1992b) United Nations Framework Convention on climate change. https://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/conveng.pdf. Accessed 15 Feb 2017
  61. Ortamann S (2017) Environmental governance in Vietnam, institutional reforms and failures. Kowloon Tong, Hong KongGoogle Scholar
  62. Ostrom E (1990) Governing the commons. Political economy of institutional and decisions. Washington, DC, USAGoogle Scholar
  63. Pereira L, Ribeiro M, Guimarães D, Souza Filho P, Costa R (2006) Formas de uso e ocupação na praia de Ajuruteua-Pará (Brasil). Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente 13:19–30Google Scholar
  64. PNUD Programas de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (2017). Available via DIALOG. http://www.br.undp.org/content/dam/brazil/docs/agenda2030/undp-br-Agenda2030-completo-pt-br-2016.pdf. Accessed 16 Jan 2017
  65. Quoc T, Kuenzer C, Quang M, Moder F, Oppelt N (2012) Review of valuation methods for mangrove ecosystem services. Ecol Indic 23:431–446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Rahman MM, Rahman M, Islam KS (2010) The causes of deterioration of Sundarban mangrove forest ecosystem of Bangladesh: conservation and sustainable management issues. Bioflux 3(2):77–90Google Scholar
  67. RAMSAR (1971a) Convention on wetlands of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. http://www.ramsar.org/sites/default/files/documents/library/scan_certified_e.pdf. Accessed 25 May 2017
  68. RAMSAR (1971b) Resolution VIII.14. Teherán, IranGoogle Scholar
  69. RAMSAR (1971c) The Ramsar convention manual. Teherán, IranGoogle Scholar
  70. Saunier R, Meganck R (2009) Dictionary & introduction to global environmental governance. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  71. Schwartzman S (1993) Ciência e Tecnologia no Brasil: Uma nova politica para um mundo global. São Paulo, BrasilGoogle Scholar
  72. Silva A, Cardoso S, Pinheiro L (2014) O lugar dos seres encantados e dos saberes acadêmicos: o realismo maravilhoso em narrativas orais da região bragantina. A Palavrada 5:10–25Google Scholar
  73. Souza Filho PWM, Tozzi HAM, El-Robrini M (2000) Geomorphology, land-use and environmental hazards in Ajuruteua macrotidal sandy beach, northeastern Pará, Brazil. Paper presented at the 1st Simpósio Brasileiro de Praias Arenosas, Associação Brasileira de Estudos do Quaternário, ItajaíGoogle Scholar
  74. Spalding M, Blasco F, Field C (1997) World mangroves atlas. International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems, OkinawaGoogle Scholar
  75. Spitzeck H, Hansen E (2010) Stakeholder governance: how stakeholders influence corporate decision making. Corp Gov 10(4):378–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Terry Y, Timothy H (1998) Using stakeholder processes in environmenal decision making. An evaluation of lessons learned. In: Key issues and future challenges. Available via DIALOG. https://www.facebook.com/pg/gdrc.org/about/?ref=page_internal. Accessed 25 Sept 2016
  77. Thom BG (1984) Coastal landforms and geomorphic processes. In: Snedacker S, Snedacker J (eds) The mangrove ecosystem: research methods. UNESCO, Paris, pp 3–17Google Scholar
  78. Toledo V (2001) Povos/comunidades tradicionais e a biodiversidade. São Paulo, BrasilGoogle Scholar
  79. Tsuji T, Fernandes M (2008) Replantando os manguezais: técnicas de reflorestamento. Bragança, BrasilGoogle Scholar
  80. UNDP United Nations Development Programme (2017) Available via DIALOG. http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/sustainable-development-goals.html. Accessed 16 Jan 2017
  81. UNESCO (1992) The Rio declaration on environment and development. http://www.unesco.org/education/pdf/RIO_E.PDF. Accessed 30 Apr 2017
  82. UNEP Unidade de Ensino e Pesquisa Integrada (2014) The importance of mangroves to people: a call to action. In: van Bochove J, Sullivan E, Nakamura T (eds) United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge. 128 ppGoogle Scholar
  83. Voinov A, Bousquet F (2010) Modelling with stakeholders. Environ Model Softw 25(11):1268–1281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Warren-Rhodes K, Schwarz AM, Boyle L, Albert J, Agalo SS, Warren R, Bana A, Paul C, Kodosiku R, Bosma W, Yee D, Ronnback O, Crona B, Duke N (2011) Mangrove ecosystem services and the potential for carbon revenue programmes in Solomon Islands. Environ Conserv 38:485–496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Wiesebron M (2013) Blue Amazon: thinking the defense of Brazilian maritime territory. Aust Braz J Strateg Int Relat 2(3):101–124Google Scholar
  86. Wyman B, Stevenson H (2007) Dictionary of environmental science. Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Indira A. L. Eyzaguirre
    • 1
  • Marcus E. B. Fernandes
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Ecologia de Manguezal, Instituto de Estudos CosteirosUniversidade Federal do ParáBragançaBrazil

Personalised recommendations