Mangrove Forests of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman

  • Alireza Salehipour MilaniEmail author
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 25)


Mangrove forests are found as isolated units of varying length and width along the coast line of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. These forests are scattered within the intertidal and are among emergent plant communities occurring along land-sea margins in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman and a small part of Pakistan in Govatr Bay. Avicennia marina and Rhizophora spp. are found in this region. Recently, as the effect of industrialization and development, as well as global environmental changes, concern about status, health, damage, disturbance and reducing mangrove area are a big challenge both for ecologists and engineers in these regions. Hence, producing mangrove map distributions and monitoring their change during the time is necessary. Mangrove habitat maps have been used for three general management applications: resource inventory, change detection, and the selection and inventory of aquaculture sites. This chapter quantifies mangrove forest cover and monitors their changes in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman from 1977 to 2017, using Landsat Thematic Mapper satellite imagery. The mangrove distribution maps are created by using remote sensing (RS) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS). An image processing technique entitled normalized differential vegetation index (NDVI) was used to detect mangrove forests in six countries located within the border study area. Even though the results show negative effects of human activity in some regions, overall, mangrove forests increased during 1977–2017. This increase in mangrove forests in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman represent sustainable development and management for mangrove ecosystems in this region.


Mangrove forest The Persian Gulf and The Gulf of Oman Coastal Management Valnerability 



This project was funded by Faculty of Earth Science in Shahid Beheshti University, Iran. We would like to express our appreciation to all colleagues who provided us with their valuable support and comments.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physical Geography Department, Earth Science FacultyShahid Beheshti UniversityTehranIslamic Republic of Iran

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