Job Sequencing with One Common and Multiple Secondary Resources: A Problem Motivated from Particle Therapy for Cancer Treatment
We consider in this work the problem of scheduling a set of jobs without preemption, where each job requires two resources: (1) a common resource, shared by all jobs, is required during a part of the job’s processing period, while (2) a secondary resource, which is shared with only a subset of the other jobs, is required during the job’s whole processing period. This problem models, for example, the scheduling of patients during one day in a particle therapy facility for cancer treatment. First, we show that the tackled problem is NP-hard. We then present a construction heuristic and a novel A* algorithm, both on the basis of an effective lower bound calculation. For comparison, we also model the problem as a mixed-integer linear program (MILP). An extensive experimental evaluation on three types of problem instances shows that A* typically works extremely well, even in the context of large instances with up to 1000 jobs. When our A* does not terminate with proven optimality, which might happen due to excessive memory requirements, it still returns an approximate solution with a usually small optimality gap. In contrast, solving the MILP model with the MILP solver CPLEX is not competitive except for very small problem instances.
- 7.Kapamara, T., Sheibani, K., Haas, O., Petrovic, D., Reeves, C.: A review of scheduling problems in radiotherapy. In: Proceedings of the International Control Systems Engineering Conference, pp. 207–211. Coventry University Publishing, Coventry (2006)Google Scholar
- 8.Maschler, J., Riedler, M., Stock, M., Raidl, G.R.: Particle therapy patient scheduling: first heuristic approaches. In: PATAT 2016: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference of the Practice and Theory of Automated Timetabling, Udine, Italy, pp. 223–244 (2016)Google Scholar