Medical Aspects of Health Care: Reflections from the Field Experience in European Countries and an Overview of the Basic Health Needs

  • Michael Kuehnel
  • Boris Drožđek
  • Thomas Wenzel


This chapter aims at presenting a basic introduction to primary health-care needs of refugees during transit and in camps. These include challenges like emergency and first-line treatments, water preparation, hygiene and vaccinations but also recognition of long-term health-care-related needs. The chapter is based on the international standards and on practical (field) experience with the refugees recently arrived in Europe. However, it does not intend to replace handbooks on refugee and migrant medicine.


Refugees Public health Hygiene Vaccination Medical treatment Vulnerable groups Infectious diseases 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Kuehnel
    • 1
  • Boris Drožđek
    • 2
  • Thomas Wenzel
    • 3
  1. 1.Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Public Health and Tropical MedicineViennaAustria
  2. 2.PsyQ/Parnassia GroupRosmalen/EindhovenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.World Psychiatric Association Scientific Section, Psychological Aspects of Persecution and TortureGenevaSwitzerland

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