War, Persecution, and Dual Transition: A Developmental Perspective of Care for Refugee Adolescents in Host Countries

  • Trudy MoorenEmail author
  • Julia Bala
  • Marieke Sleijpen


Most refugee adolescents arrive in Western industrialized countries with at least one caregiver, who is usually a parent. A growing number, however, apply for asylum as an unaccompanied minor. What are the consequences of these social changes due to flight, migration, and resettlement on the opportunities for development and well-being? In this chapter, we elaborate on backgrounds related to developmental stages, interrelationships, traumatic exposure, migration and acculturation experiences, and mental health consequences. We emphasize resilience and describe factors that contribute to it. Current prevention and intervention methods will be discussed as well.


Refugees Adolescents Resilience 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Foundation Centrum’45, Arq Psychotrauma Expert GroupDiemenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Clinical PsychologyUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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