Hepatic Venous Pressure Measurement and Other Diagnostic Hepatic Hemodynamic Techniques

  • Annalisa Berzigotti
  • Jaime BoschEmail author


Portal hypertension is a very common complication of advanced chronic liver disease (ACLD), and almost invariably occurs during its natural history [1]. Its relevance is due to the fact that it is responsible for the main complications of cirrhosis, including the formation of oesophageal and gastric varices; variceal bleeding; bleeding from portal hypertensive gastropathy, enteropathy and colopathy; ascites; spontaneous bacterial peritonitis; hepatorenal syndrome; hepatic encephalopathy; hepato-pulmonary syndrome; porto-pulmonary hypertension; splenomegaly and hypersplenism [1]. It is important to remark that these are the complications that most often lead to death or require liver transplantation in patients with cirrhosis.


Portal hypertension Esophageal varices Ascites Variceal bleeding Upper GI bleeding Beta-adrenergic blockers Propranolol Liver biopsy Hepatic vein catheterisation Portal pressure 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Swiss Liver Center, HepatologyUniversity Clinic for Visceral Surgery and Medicine, Inselspital, University of BernBernSwitzerland

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