3D Full-Field Mechanical Measurement of a Shoulder Bone Under Implant Loading

  • Yuxiao Zhou
  • Michael A. Hernandez Lamberty
  • Gregory S. Lewis
  • April D. Armstrong
  • Jing DuEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


The mechanics of shoulder bones under implant loading is important to the success of shoulder replacement surgery. This work presents the results of a noninvasive three-dimensional (3D) full-field mechanical measurement of implanted shoulder bones under various physiologically realistic loading conditions. A glenoid implant was cemented in a human cadaveric specimen by a shoulder surgeon and loaded in a mechanical tester coupled with micro X-ray computed tomography (micro-CT). The micro-CT images of the specimen was taken under no-load, eccentric loading, and concentric loading conditions, respectively. Using image processing technique and digital volume correlation, the 3D displacement field inside the shoulder bone were calculated. The results were displayed using 3D visualization tools. The clinical implications of the results are discussed for the improvement of total shoulder replacement.


Implant Shoulder bone Micro-CT Digital volume correlation 



The project described was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, through Grant UL1TR002014. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH. The support was made available through Penn State Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI). The authors are grateful to Dr. Timothy Ryan and Mr. Timothy Stecko at the Center for Quantitative Imaging (CQI) at Penn State University for technical support on micro-CT scans. Appreciation is also extended to Mr. Richard Prevost at LaVision for useful technical discussions.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuxiao Zhou
    • 1
  • Michael A. Hernandez Lamberty
    • 2
  • Gregory S. Lewis
    • 3
  • April D. Armstrong
    • 3
  • Jing Du
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Nuclear EngineeringPenn State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Puerto Rico at MayagüezMayagüezUSA
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Penn State College of Medicine and M.S. Hershey Medical CenterHersheyUSA

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