Territory, Geographic Information, and the Map

  • Donald G. JanelleEmail author
  • Michael F. GoodchildEmail author
Part of the The Frontiers Collection book series (FRONTCOLL)


In the digital era, “geographic information” has emerged as a primary intermediary in two-way communications between territories and maps. Correspondingly, we argue that the “territory as the source of the map” and the “map as the source of the territory” have become fundamental features of scientific study, spatial planning, and public communication. This shift to a communications perspective in map-territory relationships is tied to rapidly expanding abilities to link sources of increasingly diverse geographically referenced data, information, and resources across disciplinary boundaries through space and time. This chapter explores linkages between the map and reality, considers potentials for discord between the intentions of map makers and the perceptions and applications of map users, and gives special attention to changes in these relationships in response to the digitalization and spatialization of contemporary communication, information, and sensor technologies.


Augmented reality Environmental sensors Geographic information Geospatial cyberinfrastructure GIS Information and communication technology Spatial thinking Virtual reality 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyCenter for Spatial Studies, University of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA

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