Step-by-Step ASD Closure

  • John D. ThomsonEmail author


If left untreated, ASDs lead to pulmonary hypertension, atrial dysrhythmia, exercise intolerance and eventual clinical right heart failure. They may be responsible for an excessive burden of respiratory symptoms and occasionally failure to thrive during childhood. Most symptoms and complications are progressive so ideally closure should be performed during the paediatric age range, although it is rarely necessary before the age of 3 years.

Supplementary material

Video 1

Deployment sequence (MP4 6704 kb)

Video 2

Stability check prior to release (MP4 6666 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Congenital Heart DiseaseYorkshire Heart CentreLeedsUK

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