Rape Culture in Sermons on Divorce
In this chapter, Valerie Hobbs uses a critical discourse framework to study the violence implicit within evangelical Christian sermons on divorce. Her work in this chapter extends research on intimate partner violence by focusing on the construction of discourses about violence in 31 popular sermons on divorce, which either compromise or espouse efforts to combat violence against women. Through close analysis of these sermons, she notes that a significant number of pastors use euphemism for violence, frequently identify divorce (rather than spousal abuse) as an act of violence, and often appeal to biblical or religious authority to justify their requirement that women stay with violent men. In light of the role sermons play in cultivating problematic attitudes towards gender violence, Hobbs argues that these findings indicate a need for members of religious communities to examine closely the ways their own discourses promote rape culture.
- Alsdurf, J.M., and P. Alsdurf. 1988. A Pastoral Response. In Abuse and Religion, ed. A.L. Horton and J.A. Williamson, 165–171. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
- Behre, Kelly. 2014. The Fathers’ Rights Movement Undermines Victims of Domestic Violence. The New York Times, 13 June. https://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/06/13/fathers-rights-and-womens-equality/the-fathers-rights-movement-undermines-victims-of-domestic-violence. Accessed 12 August 2017.
- Bowker, L.H. 1988. Religious Victims and Their Religious Leaders: Services Delivered to One Thousand Battered Women by the Clergy. In Abuse and Religion, ed. A.L. Horton and J.A. Williamson, 229–234. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
- Brinton, Laurel J. 1992. The Historical Present in Charlotte Brontë’s Novels: Some Discourse Functions on JSTOR. Stylistics and Strategies 26 (2): 221–244.Google Scholar
- Catalano, Shannan M. 2012. Intimate Partner Violence, 1993–2010. Bureau of Justice Statistics. https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=4536. Accessed 11 August 2017.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2016. Intimate Partner Violence: Definitions. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/definitions.html. Accessed 11 August 2017.
- ———. 2017. National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS)|Funded Programs|Violence Prevention|Injury Center|CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nisvs/. Accessed 11 August 2017.
- Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA). 2008. http://corpus.byu.edu/coca. Accessed 11 August 2017.
- Djikanovic, Bosiljka, Halime Celik, Snezana Simic, Bojana Matejic, and Viktorija Cucic. 2010. Health Professionals’ Perceptions of Intimate Partner Violence against Women in Serbia: Opportunities and Barriers for Response Improvement. Patient Education and Counseling 80 (1): 88–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Engelsma, David J. 2017. Questions and Answers Regarding the Speech on Spousal (Wife) Abuse. Unpublished Paper. https://www.dropbox.com/s/9q7q3na0p1p08yd/abuse–questionsandanswers–2017.docx?dl=0. Accessed 11 August 2017.
- Flatley, John. 2016. Focus on Violent Crime and Sexual Offences – Office for National Statistics. Office for National Statistics. https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/crimeandjustice/compendium/focusonviolentcrimeandsexualoffences/yearendingmarch2015. Accessed 11 August 2017.
- Horton, Anne L., and Judith A. Williamson, eds. 1988. Abuse and Religion: When Praying Isn’t Enough. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
- Huckin, Thomas. 2002. Critical Discourse Analysis and the Discourse of Condescension. In Discourse Studies in Composition, ed. Ellen Barton and Gail Stygall, 155–176. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton.Google Scholar
- Koyama, E. 2006. Disloyal to Feminism: Abuse of Survivors Within the Domestic Violence Shelter System. Incite. http://www.confluere.com/readings/pdf-rdg/disloyal.pdf. Accessed 11 August 2017.
- Kozu, J. 1999. Domestic Violence in Japan. American Psychologist. http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/amp/54/1/50/. Accessed 11 August 2017.
- Lazarus-Black, M. 2007. Everyday Harm: Domestic Violence, Court Rites, and Cultures of Reconciliation. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
- LifeWay Research. 2014. Pastors Seldom Preach About Domestic Violence. http://lifewayresearch.com/2014/06/27/pastors-seldom-preach-about-domestic-violence/. Accessed 11 August 2017.
- Meyer, Nancy J. 2001. Now You See It, Now You Don’t: The State of the Battered Women’s Movement. Off Our Backs 31 (10): 22–23.Google Scholar
- Nason-Clark, Nancy. 1997. The Battered Wife: How Christians Confront Family Violence. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press.Google Scholar
- ———. 2010. Clergy Referrals in Cases of Domestic Violence. The Journal of Family and Community Ministries 23 (4): 50–60.Google Scholar
- Tracy, Steven R., and Phoenix Seminary. 2009. What Does ‘Submit in Everything’ Really Mean? The Nature and Scope of Marital Submission. Trinity Journal 29: 285–312.Google Scholar
- Trinch, Shonna L. 2001. Managing Euphemism and Transcending Taboos: Negotiating the Meaning of Sexual Assault in Latinas Narratives of Domestic Violence. Text – Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse 21 (4): 567–610.Google Scholar