Advertisement

Traction Alopecia

  • Pooya Khan Mohammad Beigi
Chapter

Abstract

Traction alopecia is a biphasic form of hair loss, in which it initially presents as a reversible non-scarring type of alopecia, and if the excessive traction of the hair is maintained for years, it becomes a scarring type of alopecia in which the hair loss eventually becomes permanent. Traction alopecia has a patchy, marginal pattern of hair loss with hair breakage. The formation of hair casts is a well-known sign of persistent hair traction [5]. These hair casts are found around a single hair shaft and are made up of the inner and/or outer root sheath, but are not associated with prominent parakeratosis.

Keywords

Parakeratosis Bitemporal Frontal hair loss Occipital loss Follicle size Vellus hair Terminal hair Catagen Telogen hair Trichomalacia 

References

  1. 1.
    Özçelik D. Extensive traction alopecia attributable to ponytail hairstyle and its treatment with hair transplantation. Aesthet Plast Surg. 2005;29(4):325–7.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00266-005-0004-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chitnis D. Certain hairstyles can up traction alopecia risk. Family Practice News. 2016;46(4):15.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Khumalo N. Determinants of marginal traction alopecia in African girls and women. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008;59(3):432–8.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2008.05.036.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tosti A, Miteva M, Torres F, Vincenzi C, Romanelli P. Hair casts are a dermoscopic clue for the diagnosis of traction alopecia. Br J Dermatol. 2010;163(6):1353.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2010.09979.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, Schaffer JV. Dermatology. 3rd ed. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2012.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pooya Khan Mohammad Beigi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Health ManagementNew York Medical CollegeValhallaUSA
  2. 2.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Misdiagnosis AssociationSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations