Lethargic Crab Disease: Now You See, Now You Don’t

  • Vania A. Vicente
  • Raphael Orélis-Ribeiro
  • G. Sybren de Hoog
  • Walter A. BoegerEmail author


An infectious disease has caused high mortalities in the Brazilian mangrove-land crab, Ucides cordatus. The lethargic crab disease spread northward and southward in waves from Pernambuco State in Brazil. Primary causative agent was the black yeast Exophiala cancerae, with Fonsecaea brasiliensis as a secondary, opportunistic invader. The reasons for coming and going of the disease may be of intrinsic as well as of environmental nature.


Black yeast Exophiala cancerae Fonsecaea brasiliensis Lethargic crab disease Outbreak Brazil 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vania A. Vicente
    • 1
  • Raphael Orélis-Ribeiro
    • 2
  • G. Sybren de Hoog
    • 3
    • 4
  • Walter A. Boeger
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology—LABMICRO, Department of Basic PathologyFederal University of ParanáCuritibaBrazil
  2. 2.Aquatic Parasitology Laboratory, School of Fisheries, Aquaculture and Aquatic SciencesCollege of Agriculture, Auburn UniversityAuburnUSA
  3. 3.Center of Expertise in Mycology RadboudUMC/CWZNijmegenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity InstituteUtrechtThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Laboratory of Molecular Ecology and Evolutionary Parasitology, Department of ZoologyFederal University of ParanáCuritibaBrazil

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