Gender Issues, Changing Roles, and Migration: A Review of the Gulf Countries

  • Nasra M. Shah
  • Lubna Al-Kazi
  • Abrar Husain


Massive socio-economic transformations are occurring in many aspects of life in the Gulf, exerting several impacts on gender roles and gender equality. The transformations and impacts are inherently different for the Gulf citizens and migrants, mainly workers. This chapter assesses the attitudes, policies, and achievements of Gulf countries in their efforts toward enhancing gender equality in terms of education, employment, political participation, and provision of civil and social rights, primarily for citizens. It outlines the underlying factors that are central in facilitating or hindering the efforts toward promoting gender equality. It also assesses the impacts that migration, especially from Asian countries, may have had on the above achievements, and comments on the future outlook of these linkages.


Civil rights Domestic workers Gender composition and equality Polygyny Violence against women 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nasra M. Shah
    • 1
  • Lubna Al-Kazi
    • 2
  • Abrar Husain
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of MedicineKuwait UniversityKuwait CityKuwait
  2. 2.Kuwait UniversityKuwait CityKuwait

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