Refugee Solidarity in a Multilevel Political Opportunity Structure: The Case of Spain

Part of the Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology book series (PSEPS)


From a comparative vantage point, few refugees arrived in Spain during the long summer of migration. Although a strong pro-refugee movement developed, it had an important internal variability. We study varying local-level political opportunities, comparing municipalities governed by movement-connected parties with others run by more traditional forces. We analysed the exceptional situation of Barcelona, where there is not only more popular mobilisation, but activism is also more protest-oriented than in other places. In contrast, Ceuta and Melilla are highly securitised cases with very closed opportunities for mobilisation. In between, we found mixed results for Andalusia and Galicia: although the presence of allies in office opens discursive opportunities for movement actors, it does not necessarily translate into de facto policies and stronger local networks of grassroots activism.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Universitat Oberta de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Institute of Humanities and Social SciencesScuola Normale SuperioreFirenzeItaly

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