Advertisement

Social Control and Circles of Influence in Taiwan’s School System

  • Susyan Jou
  • Min-Cheng Lin
Chapter

Abstract

Unlike many other societal transitions to democracy, Taiwan’s rapid and dramatic economic progress did not create massive social disorder. The economic and political achievements are arguably partly attributable to its education system, in which students are served well with rigorous teaching in academic knowledge and social conformity. This chapter takes a glance at the development of Taiwan’s educational system and elucidates the norms and daily practices of such social control in schools in respect of students’ behaviours and campus safety, achieved through supervisory practices by teachers and administrative staff. We conclude the chapter by suggesting that the school’s social control base in Taiwan is weakening, arguably making the function of school more utilitarian in orientation and more visibly a mechanism of mere social selection.

Keywords

School Social control Taiwan 

References

  1. Bakken, B. (2000). The exemplary society: Human improvement, social control, and the dangers of modernity in China (reprint). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Chang, C. E. (張晴恩). (2009). Action research on training student-based disciplinary patrol team in an elementary school (國民小學「學生糾察隊」組訓之行動研究) (Unpublished master degree dissertation. National Taipei University of Education, Taipei.Google Scholar
  3. Chen, Q. R. (陳啓榮). (2009). Discourse the special power relations and the legal relation among schools and students only. Journal of Research on Elementary and Secondary Education, 20, 73–86.Google Scholar
  4. Chen, Y. Y., & Huang, J. H. (2015). Precollege and in-college bullying experiences and health-related quality of life among college students. Pediatrics, 135(1), 18–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chiu, H. Y. (2003). The educational institution and educational value of Taiwanese society in Ching and Japanese period (追求高教育成就------清代及日據時期台灣教育制度與價值之分析). Taiwan Educational Sociology Research (台灣教育社會學研究), 3(2), 1–39.Google Scholar
  6. Council of Education Reform. (1996). The general recommendation report of education reform. Administration Yuan. http://www.sinica.edu.tw/info/edu-reform/farea2/. Last visit 20 Feb 2017.
  7. Crime Investigation Bureau. (2017). Taiwan crime statistics known to police. Taipei.Google Scholar
  8. Foucault, M. (1975). Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison. New York: Random House.Google Scholar
  9. Government Information Office. (2011). The republic of China yearbook 2011. Republic of China.Google Scholar
  10. Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of delinquency. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  11. Ho, W. S. (2010). The development of the school regulations and its influence on school culture (校園規範演變及其對校園文化影響之研究). Tunghai Educational Commentary (東海教育評論), 5, 66–94.Google Scholar
  12. Hsieh, C. T. (謝璟婷). (2009). A study on positive psychology and life adjustment in the middle and high grade students of elementary schools (Unpublished master degree dissertation). National Chi-Nan University, Nantou.Google Scholar
  13. Huang, H. S. (1999). Educational reform in Taiwan: A brighter American moon. International Journal of Educational Reform, 8(2), 145–153.Google Scholar
  14. IEP. (2017, January 10). Global peace index. http://www.visionofhumanity.org/#page/indexes/global-peace-index/2016/TWN/OVER. Last visit 10 Jan 2017.
  15. Jou, J. Y. (2003). Who is the MVP in educational reform. Available online at: http://teach.eje.edu.tw/9CC/about/about2.php. Last visit 15 Aug 2016.
  16. Jou, S., Lin, L., & Hou, C. (周愫嫻、林育聖、侯崇文). (2016). The prevention of school bullying in TaiwanThe olive branch project. Taipei: Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
  17. Law, W. W. (2002). Education reform in Taiwan: A search for a ‘national’ identity through democratisation and Taiwanisation. Compare, 32(1), 61–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lee, J. S., Wu, B. C., & Jou, S. (2004). The effect evaluation of the nine years integrated curriculum: Case study for junior high schools (九年一貫課程改革成效評估: 研究案 – 國中分案’ 教育部委託研究專案) (Government report). Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
  19. Lin, B. (林斌). (2006). The student disciplinary system in the U.K. and Taiwan: A comparative study from the perspective of educational law. Bulletin of Educational Research, 52(4), 107–139.Google Scholar
  20. Lin, M. C. (2007). Explanations for the resistance to educational reforms in Taiwan: Taiwan’s educational reforms (1994–2004): Agents’ reference structures, interests and strategies (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Bath.Google Scholar
  21. Lin, Y. T. (林映佐). (2013). The effects of positive discipline-based programs on teacher classroom management abilities and disciplinary attitudes: An action study at a junior high school in Hualien (Unpublished master degree dissertation). Tzu-Chi University, Hualien.Google Scholar
  22. Lin, C. C. (林晉加). (2016). The relationship between environment educational in schools, environmental attitudes of parents and students’ environmental literacy (Unpublished master degree dissertation). Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung.Google Scholar
  23. Liu, S. M. (劉世閔). (2005). Social change and educational policy (社會變遷與教育政策). Taipei: Psychoco.Google Scholar
  24. Lu, Y. Y., Wu, H. Y., Chen, H. C., Lin, H. L., & Chang, Y. L. (盧玉燕, 吳相儀, 陳學志, 林秀玲&張雨霖). (2016). The analysis of situational positive discipline strategies by positive discipline awarded teachers. Bulletin of Educational Psychology, 48(2), 159–184.Google Scholar
  25. Ministry of Education, Taiwan. (2016). Statistic analysis report of school safety and disaster events in 2015 (104年校園安全事件統計分析報告). Taipei: Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
  26. Pan, H. L., & Yu, C. (1999). Educational reforms: Their impact on school effectiveness and school improvement in Taiwan, R.O.C. School Effectiveness and Improvement, 10(1), 72–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rigger, S. (2011). Why Taiwan matters. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
  28. Roy, D. (2002). Taiwan: A political history. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Sheu, J. (2010). Criminology. Taipei: San-Ming publisher.Google Scholar
  30. Sun, Z. Z. (1993). Taiwan’ public school in Ching dynasty (清代台灣之義學). Journal of Academia Historica, 15, 27–44.Google Scholar
  31. Tang, C. M. (湯志民). (2009). Academic subject oriented classrooms: Planning, developing and case studies (學科型教室:規畫、發展與案例). Journal of AHSNC (政大附中學報), 2, 1–51.Google Scholar
  32. Tsai, C. (2002). Chinese-ization and the nationalistic curriculum reform in Taiwan. Journal of Education Policy, 17(2), 229–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tseng, H. W. (1999). The research of Taiwan’s primary education in Ching dynasty (清代台灣啟蒙教育研究) (1684–1895) (Master dissertation of Educational Institute of National Taiwan Normal University). Taipei.Google Scholar
  34. Tseng, Y. F. (曾儀芬), Wang, H. M. (王秀美), & Huang, F. H. (黃福慧). (2014). The exploratory study of the state of inter-agency collaboration for executing high-risk youth counselling services: An example of Penghu county. Journal of Taiwan Community Work and Study (台灣社區發展與社區研究學刊), 4(1), 83–130.Google Scholar
  35. Wade, R. (1990). Governing the market: Economic theory and the role of government in East asian industrialization. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Waks, L. J. (2013). Education 2.0. Abingdon: Paradigm Publishers/Routledge.Google Scholar
  37. Wang, T. J. (1982). Civil service examination system in Ching dynasty (清代科舉制度研究). Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
  38. Wang, L. F. (王麗斐), & Qiao, H. (喬虹). (2014). An assessment of the high risk students for counseling services and reporting system (建構高關懷學生個案輔導資料轉銜機制及通報系統評估計畫). Taipei: Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
  39. Wu, C. J. (吳清山). (2004). School administration (學校行政). Taipei: Psychoco.Google Scholar
  40. Yen, K. C. (顏光正). (2010). The research on the relation between tutors’ disciplinary manners and students’ academic achievement of junior high school in Taipei (Unpublished master degree dissertation). National Chengchi University, Taipei.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susyan Jou
    • 1
  • Min-Cheng Lin
    • 2
  1. 1.National Taipei UniversityNew TaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Yi-Kao Junior High SchoolNew TaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations