Liminal Contexts and Critical Insights: The Cases of McLuhan and Debray

  • Peter McMylor
Chapter
Part of the St Antony's Series book series (STANTS)

Abstract

Martins raised very early the issue of the impact of the new communications and media technologies on critical thought. To analyse these themes further, it is fruitful to compare two figures—Marshall McLuhan and Régis Debray—whose work reveals particular responsiveness to this transformed environment. McLuhan is famously an explorer of the new media of the 1960s, whilst Debray, after his imprisonment for revolutionary activity in Latin America, also turned himself into a media analyst. In many respects what is most interesting is not only how different these two figures were in their background, culture and politics but also how sensitive they both were to the changing media environment and the need to derive new styles of research to deal with this situation.

References

  1. Althusser, L. 1993. The Future Lasts Forever: A Memoir. London: Chatto & Windus.Google Scholar
  2. Boland, T. 2012. Critique as a Modern Social Phenomenon. New York: Edwin Mellon Press.Google Scholar
  3. Davey, E. 2015. Idealism Beyond Borders:The French Revolutionary Left and the Rise of Humanitarianism, 1954–1988. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Debray, R. 1965. Le Castrisme: la Longue Marche de l’Amérique Latine. Les Temps Modernes 224. 1172–1237Google Scholar
  5. ———. 1967. The Revolution in the Revolution? Armed Struggle and Political Struggle in Latin America. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  6. ———. 1976. Journal d’un Petit Bourgeois entre Deux Feux et Quatre Murs. Paris: Éds du Seuil.Google Scholar
  7. ———. 1977. Marxism and the National Question. New Left Review I (105): 25–41.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 1981. Teachers, Writers, Celebrities, The Intellectuals of Modern France. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  9. ———. 1983. Critique of Political Reason. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  10. ———. 1996. Media Manifestos: On the Technological Transmission of Cultural Forms. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  11. ———. 2007. Socialism: A Life-Cycle. New Left Review 46: 5–28.Google Scholar
  12. Eagleton, T. 1978. Criticism and Ideology: A Study in Marxist Literary Theory. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  13. ———. 2005. The English Novel, An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  14. Elias, N. 1978. What Is Sociology? London: Hutchinson.Google Scholar
  15. Genosko, G. 1999. McLuhan and Baudrillard: The Masters of Implosion. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Grant, G. 1965. Lament for a Nation: The Defeat of Canadian Nationalism. Toronto: McCelland and Stewart.Google Scholar
  17. ———. 1969. Technology and Empire: Perspective on North America. Toronto: House of Anansi.Google Scholar
  18. Hadot, P. 2002. What Is Ancient Philosophy? Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.Google Scholar
  19. Kroker, A. 1984. Technology and the Canadian Mind: Innis, McLuhan, Grant. Montreal: New World Perspectives.Google Scholar
  20. Latour, B. 2004. Why has Critique Run Out of Steam? From Matters of Fact to Matters of Concern. Critical Inquiry 30 (2): 225–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Leavis, F.R., and D. Thompson. 1933. Culture and Environment, the Training of Critical Awareness. London: Chatto & Windus.Google Scholar
  22. Lipset, S.M. 1990. The Continental Divide: The Values and Institutions of the United States and Canada. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  23. Marchand, P. 1998. Marshall McLuhan, The Medium and the Messenger. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  24. Martins, H.G. 1993. Hegel, Texas. In Knowledge and Passion: Essays in Honour of John Rex, ed. Hermínio Martins, 226–249. London: I. B. Tauris.Google Scholar
  25. ———. 2005. The Metaphysics of Information: The Power and the Glory of Machinehood. Res-Publica: Revista Lusóofonia de Ciencia Politica e Relações Internacionais 1: 165–192.Google Scholar
  26. McLuhan, M. 1951. The Mechanical Bride: Folklore of Industrial Man. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  27. ———. 1962. The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  28. ———. 1964. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  29. ———. 2005. The Classical Trivium, The Place of Thomas Nash in the Learning of His Time. Berkeley: Gingko Press.Google Scholar
  30. McMylor, P. 2005. Reflexive Historical Sociology: Consciousness, Experience and the Author. History of the Human Sciences 18 (4): 141–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. ———. 2015. Critique as a Social Phenomenon Review Essay. International Political Anthropology 8 (1): 63–66.Google Scholar
  32. Miller, J. 1970. McLuhan. London: Fontana Press.Google Scholar
  33. Reader, K. 1995. Régis Debray: A Critical Introduction. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  34. Reid, D. 1992. Régis Debray’s Quest: From France to Bolivia and Back. History of European Ideas 14 (6): 839–862.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. ———. 1996. Republican in a Democratic Age. In Intellectuals and Public Life: Between Radicalism and Reform, ed. L. Fink, S.T. Leonard, and D.M. Reid, 121–141. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Rossbach, S. 2005. ‘Gnosis’ in Eric Voegelin’s Philosophy. Political Science Reviewer 34: 77–121.Google Scholar
  37. Szakolczai, A. 1998a. Max Weber and Michel Foucault: Parallel Life-Works. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  38. ———. 1998b. Reflexive Historical Sociology. European Journal of Social Theory 1 (2): 209–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. ———. 2000. Reflexive Historical Sociology. London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. ———. 2003. The Genesis of Modernity. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  41. Theall, D.F. 2001. The Virtual Marshall McLuhan. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s Press.Google Scholar
  42. Turner, V. 1985. Experience and Performance: Towards a New Processual Anthropology. In On the Edge of the Bush. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
  43. Van Gennep, A. 1960. The Rites of Passage. Introduction by S. T. Kimball. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  44. Voegelin, E. 1952. The New Science of Politics: An Introduction. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter McMylor
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of ManchesterManchesterUK

Personalised recommendations