Dermatologic Conditions in Elite Tennis Players
Those who provide medical care for the elite tennis player will commonly encounter players with skin conditions. In this chapter we review the most common skin conditions that affect elite tennis players. We have divided these into four main causes: infectious, allergic, inflammatory, and traumatic. The infectious disorders include bacterial infection such as community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection (CA-MRSA). The viral disorders are varicella/zoster and human papilloma virus causing cutaneous warts. Cutaneous fungal infections are another common problem in the tennis athlete commonly affecting the feet and toenails. Allergic disorders include exercise-induced urticaria and anaphylaxis, the latter being potentially life-threatening. Inflammatory disorders include acne, xerosis, and dermatitis. Lastly, the traumatic causes are solar or ultraviolet ray disorders including skin cancer, friction, and pressure phenomenon such as tennis toenail and talon noire.
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