Planning for City Sustainability: GreenWorks Orlando Case Study

  • Christopher V. Hawkins


In this chapter, we examine GreenWorks Orlando. GreenWorks Orlando is an overarching planning and organizational framework established by the City of Orlando, Florida. The two specific plans developed under the GreenWorks umbrella that are the focus of this case study—the GreenWorks Orlando Community Action Plan and the Orlando Municipal Operations Sustainability Plan—were developed to serve as the foundation for community sustainability. This chapter describes the processes of translating Orlando’s goal of becoming the greenest city in America into these planning initiatives and the implications of these plans on city programmatic efforts that advance the city’s primary sustainability objectives—advancing economic growth in green industries and protecting the environment and curbing greenhouse gas emissions.


Local planning Administration and management Sustainability governance 


  1. Bulkeley, Harriet, and Michele M. Betsill. 2003. Cities and Climate Change: Urban Sustainability and Global Environmental Governance. New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Conroy, Maria M. 2006. Moving the Middle Ahead: Challenges and Opportunities of Sustainability in Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio. Journal of Planning Education and Research 26: 18–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Feiock, Richard C., Rachel M. Krause, and Christopher V. Hawkins. 2017. The Impact of Administrative Structure on the Ability of City Governments to Overcome Functional Collective Action Dilemmas: A Climate and Energy Perspective. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 27 (4): 615–628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hawkins, Christopher V., and Xiaohu Wang. 2012. Sustainable Development Governance: Citizen Participation and Support Networks in Local Sustainability Initiatives. Public Works and Management Policy 17 (1): 7–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hawkins, Christopher V., Rachel Krause, Richard Fejock, and Cali Curley. 2016. Making Meaningful Commitments: Accounting for Variation in Cities’ Investments of Staff and Fiscal Resources to Sustainability. Urban Studies 53 (9): 1902–1924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hawkins, Christopher V., Rachel Krause, Cali Curly, and Richard Fejock. 2017. The Administration and Management of Environmental Sustainability Initiatives: A Collaborative Perspective. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management.
  7. Krause, Rachel M. 2012. Political Decision-Making and the Local Provision of Public Goods: The Case of Municipal Climate Protection in the US. Urban Studies 49 (11): 2399 417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Krause, Rachel M., Richard C. Fejock, and Christopher V. Hawkins. 2016. Administrative Organization of Sustainability Within Local Government. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 26 (1): 113–127.Google Scholar
  9. Portney, Kent E. 2005. Community Engagement and Sustainable Cities in the United States. PublicAdministration Review 65: 579–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. ———. 2013. Taking Sustainable Cities Seriously: Economic Development, the Environment, and Quality of Life in American Cities. MIT Press.Google Scholar
  11. Portney, Kent E., and Jeffrey M. Berry. 2010. Participation and the Pursuit of Sustainability in U.S. Cities. Urban Affairs Review 46 (1): 119–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Wang, XiaoHu, Christopher V. Hawkins, Nick Lebredo, and Evan M. Berman. 2012. Capacity to Sustain Sustainability: A Study of U.S. Cities. Public Administration Review 72 (6): 841–853.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Wang, XiaoHu, Christopher V. Hawkins, and Evan Berman. 2014. Financing Sustainability and Stakeholder Engagement: Evidence from U.S. Cities. Urban Affairs Review 50 (6): 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wang, Xiaohu, Liu Cheol, and Christopher V. Hawkins. 2017. Local Government Strategies for Financing Energy Efficiency Initiatives. American Review of Pubic Administration 47 (5): 672–686.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher V. Hawkins
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public AdministrationUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

Personalised recommendations