The Efficacy of Small Closures: A Tale of Two Marine Protected Areas in Canada

  • Ryan Stanley
  • Corey Morris
  • Paul Snelgrove
  • Anna Metaxas
  • Pierre Pepin


Marine managers and conservationists increasingly emphasize the importance of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) as a key tool for sustaining ocean ecosystems. The designation of MPAs often meets with resistance from stakeholders for reasons that include loss of access, unclear benefits, and misunderstanding of the nature of the intervention. In this chapter, we use case studies from two small MPAs on the east coast of Canada to illustrate the issues surrounding planning, implementing, and demonstrating their efficacy.


MPA monitoring MPA design Efficacy Lobster Cod Spatial scale Conservation Sustainability Fisheries Habitat Newfoundland and Labrador Stakeholders 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan Stanley
    • 1
  • Corey Morris
    • 2
  • Paul Snelgrove
    • 3
  • Anna Metaxas
    • 4
  • Pierre Pepin
    • 2
  1. 1.Bedford Institute of OceanographyFisheries and Oceans CanadaDartmouthCanada
  2. 2.Northwest Atlantic Fisheries CentreFisheries and Oceans CanadaSt. John’sCanada
  3. 3.Ocean Sciences and Biology DepartmentsMemorial UniversitySt. John’sCanada
  4. 4.Department of OceanographyDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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