IR Playbook pp 429-438 | Cite as

Balloon-Occluded Transvenous Obliteration for Gastric Varices

  • Ron C. GabaEmail author
  • Nasya Mendoza-Elias
  • John H. Schilling
  • Andrew J. Lipnik


Gastric varices (GVs) occur in the setting of liver cirrhosis and may result in life-threatening hemorrhage. Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) is a minimally invasive image-guided intervention used to treat GVs that are actively, previously, or at high risk for bleeding. This chapter reviews GVs and BRTO in terms of epidemiology, anatomy, patient eligibility, procedure technique, and clinical outcomes.


Varices Gastric Hemorrhage Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ron C. Gaba
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nasya Mendoza-Elias
    • 1
  • John H. Schilling
    • 1
  • Andrew J. Lipnik
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Illinois Hospital, Department of RadiologyChicagoUSA

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