IR Playbook pp 177-184 | Cite as

Varicose Veins

  • Akhil Khetarpal
  • Malcolm K. SydnorEmail author


Varicose veins are dilated and tortuous superficial veins seen in the spectrum of chronic venous disorders. Varicose veins are predominately seen in the lower extremities and are a manifestation of chronic venous valvular insufficiency causing increased pressure in the lower extremity venous system. The diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins require a vascular specialist with a thorough understanding of the anatomy, physiology, and physical examination of the venous system. This chapter will highlight these principles as well as provide a step-by-step guide of the common interventional treatment modalities for varicose veins.


Varicose veins Venous insufficiency Venous reflux Endovascular thermal ablation Spider veins Reticular veins Endovascular laser ablation Endovenous radiofrequency ablation Ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy Ambulatory phlebectomy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyVCU Health SystemRichmondUSA

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