Advertisement

TARA Mediterranean Expedition: Assessing the Impact of Microplastics on Mediterranean Ecosystem

  • Maria Luiza PedrottiEmail author
  • Maria Grazia Mazzocchi
  • Fabien Lombard
  • François Galgani
  • Marie Emmanuelle Kerros
  • Maryvonne Henry
  • Amanda Elineau
  • Stéphanie Petit
  • María Luz Fernandez-de-Puelles
  • Stéphane Gasparini
  • Valentina Tirelli
  • Jean-Louis Jamet
  • Gabriel Gorsky
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)

Abstract

TARA-Mediterranean expedition crossed the entire Mediterranean Sea in 2014 to study the distribution and concentration of floating microplastics and zooplankton. Surface samples were collected with a 330 µm Manta net, plastics were sorted from 124 samples and digitally imaged with the ZoosCan system. Results showed that plastic fragments were present in all samples with an average of 2.6 x 105 items/km2 and values varying from 2 x 103 items/km2 in the Eastern basin, to more than 2 x 106 items/km2 in the Western basin. Coastal zones of Naples, Corsica and Marseille were clearly identified as areas of particularly high plastic concentration.

References

  1. 1.
    Barnes, D.K.A., Galgani, F., Thompson, R.C., Barlaz, M.: Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci. 364, 1985–1998 (2009)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cózar, A., Echevarria, F., Gonzalez-Gordillo, J.I., Irigoien, X., Ubeda, B., Hernandez-Leon, S., Palma, A.T., Navarro, S., Garcia-de-Lomas, J., Ruiz, A., Fernandez-de-Puelles, M.L., Duarte, C.M.: Plastic debris in the open ocean. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 111, 10239–10244 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cózar, A., Martí, E, Duarte, C.M., Garcia-de-Lomas, van Sebille E., Ballatore, T.J., Eguíluz, V.M., González-Gordillo, J.I., Pedrotti, M.L., Echevarría, F., Troublè, F., Irigoien, X.: The Arctic Ocean as a dead end for floating plastics in the North Atlantic branch of the Thermohaline Circulation. Science Adv. 3(4), e1600582 (2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Collignon, A., Hecq, J.H., Galgani, F., Voisin, P., Goffard, A.: Neustonic microplastics and zooplankton in the western Mediterranean sea. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 64, 861–864 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cózar, A., Sanz-Martín, M., Martí, E., González-Gordillo, J.I., Ubeda, B., Gálvez, J.A., Irigoien, X., Duarte, C.M.: Plastic accumulation in the Mediterranean Sea. PLoS ONE 10, e0121762 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pedrotti, M.L., Petit, S., Elineau, A., Bruzaud, S., Crebassa, J.-C., Dumontet, B., Martí, E., Gorsky, G., Cózar, A.: Changes in the floating plastic pollution of the Mediterranean Sea in relation to the distance to land. PLoS ONE 11, e0161581 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    UNEP/MAP-Plan Bleu, 2009 UNEP/MAP-Plan Bleu: state of the environment and development in the Mediterranean—2009. United Nations Enviroment Program—Mediterranean Action Plan, pp. 204. Athens, Greece (2009)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Civili, F.S.: The land-based pollution of the Mediterranean Sea: present state and prospects. In: 1st Scientific Conference of EFMS: Oceanographical Aspects for a Substainable Mediterranean, pp. 241–245. Athens, 27–29 September (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Galgani, F., Leaute, J.P., Moguedet, P., Souplet, A., Verin, Y., Carpentier, A., Goraguer, H., Latrouite, D., Andral, B., Cadiou, Y., Mahe, J.C., Poulard, J.C., Nerisson, P.: Litter on the sea floor along European Coasts. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 40(516–527), 10 (2000)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Suaria, G., Aliani, S.: Floating debris in the Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 86, 494–504 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Millot, C., Taupier-Letage, I.: Circulation in the Mediterranean Sea. In: Saliot, A. (ed.) The Mediterranean Sea, handbook of Env Chem, vol. 5K, pp. 29–66. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gorsky, G., Ohman, M.D., Picheral, M., Gasparini, S., Stemmann, L., Romagnan, J., Cawood, A., Stephane, P., Garcia-Comas, C., Prejger, F.: Digital zooplankton image analysis using the ZooScan integrated system. J. Plankton Res. 32(3), 285–303 (2010).  https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbp124 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Luiza Pedrotti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maria Grazia Mazzocchi
    • 2
  • Fabien Lombard
    • 1
  • François Galgani
    • 3
  • Marie Emmanuelle Kerros
    • 1
  • Maryvonne Henry
    • 4
  • Amanda Elineau
    • 1
  • Stéphanie Petit
    • 1
  • María Luz Fernandez-de-Puelles
    • 5
  • Stéphane Gasparini
    • 1
  • Valentina Tirelli
    • 6
  • Jean-Louis Jamet
    • 7
  • Gabriel Gorsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Université Paris 06, CNRS, UMR 7093, LOVVillefranche Sur MerFrance
  2. 2.Stazione Zoologica Anton DohrnNaplesItaly
  3. 3.Laboratoire LER/PACIFREMERBastiaFrance
  4. 4.Laboratoire LER/PACIFREMERLa Seine-Sur-MerFrance
  5. 5.Spanish Institute of Oceanography Baleares CenterPalma de MallorcaSpain
  6. 6.Istituto Nazionale Di Oceanografia E Di Geofisica Sperimentale (OGS)TriesteItaly
  7. 7.Laboratoire PROTEEUniversité de Toulon, EBMAToulonFrance

Personalised recommendations