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Rethinking Unsupervised Feature Selection: From Pseudo Labels to Pseudo Must-Links

  • Xiaokai Wei
  • Sihong Xie
  • Bokai Cao
  • Philip S. Yu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10534)

Abstract

High-dimensional data are prevalent in various machine learning applications. Feature selection is a useful technique for alleviating the curse of dimensionality. Unsupervised feature selection problem tends to be more challenging than its supervised counterpart due to the lack of class labels. State-of-the-art approaches usually use the concept of pseudo labels to select discriminative features by their regression coefficients and the pseudo-labels derived from clustering is usually inaccurate. In this paper, we propose a new perspective for unsupervised feature selection by Discriminatively Exploiting Similarity (DES). Through forming similar and dissimilar data pairs, implicit discriminative information can be exploited. The similar/dissimilar relationship of data pairs can be used as guidance for feature selection. Based on this idea, we propose hypothesis testing based and classification based methods as instantiations of the DES framework. We evaluate the proposed approaches extensively using six real-world datasets. Experimental results demonstrate that our approaches achieve significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art unsupervised methods. More surprisingly, our unsupervised method even achieves performance comparable to a supervised feature selection method. Code related to this chapter is available at: http://bdsc.lab.uic.edu/resources.html.

Keyword

Feature selection 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaokai Wei
    • 1
  • Sihong Xie
    • 2
  • Bokai Cao
    • 3
  • Philip S. Yu
    • 3
  1. 1.Facebook Inc.Menlo ParkUSA
  2. 2.CSE DepartmentLehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA
  3. 3.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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