The Arab-Christian Predicament Before and After the Rise of the Islamic State
Chalala probes the underlying causes and consequences of the potential loss of cultural and religious diversity in the Middle East with particular focus on Syria and Iraq. He notes that the demographic hemorrhage of the Christian communities in Iraq and Syria predates the Arab Spring and the rise of the Islamic state by many decades, although it has accelerated since these events. In fact, Christian populations began to diminish with the overthrow of the monarchy in Iraq and military dictatorships in Syria. The potential political re-organization of the state systems would afford Christians the chance to abrogate their illusory alliances with totalitarian and authoritarian forces in favor of negotiating new social contracts with forces willing to work towards more open and democratic societies.