Advertisement

Interwoven Conventions, Innovations, and Generations: Youth Development Through Conflict Resolution Training in North Africa

  • Julie A. HawkeEmail author
  • Selma Talha Jebril
Chapter
Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)

Abstract

With waves of reforms following popular protests, democratic transitions and elections, and increasing ideological polarization within and across borders, the discourse about North Africa from 2011 onward has largely focused on the big pictures of a rising generation in revolution, youth bulge, extremist recruitment, and social unrest. This chapter documents the authors’ participation in the implementation of conflict resolution training programs for youth conflict resolution and leadership roles in Morocco and Tunisia. The training provided youth with a basic tool kit of conflict resolution approaches, from which they could engage in conflict transformation in their communities and engage as leaders in larger social issues. Fundamentally, youth are symbols for liminality between old and new, tradition and change, and learning from their responses to conflict offers unique insights into evolving models for reconciliation.

Keywords

Tunisia Morocco Youth Development Conflict Mediation Training Transformation Collectivist ideology Universal models of conflict resolution Leadership training Culture Hybrid Marginalization Inclusion 

References

  1. Babbitt, E. F. (1997). Contributions of training to international conflict resolution. In I. W. Zartman & J. L. Rasmussen (Eds.), Peacemaking in international conflict methods & techniques (pp. 364–387). Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bouheraoua, S. (2008). Foundation of mediation in Islamic law and its contemporary application. Asia Pacific Mediation Forum.Google Scholar
  3. Boum, A. (2013). Memories of absence: How Muslims remember Jews in Morocco. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. British Council. (2013). The revolutionary promise: Youth perceptions in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia. Cairo: British Council. Retrieved April 10, 2016, from https://www.britishcouncil.org/sites/default/files/revolutionary-promisesummary_0.pdf
  5. Central Intelligence Agency. (2013). Religions, The World Factbook. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2122.html
  6. Cincotta, R. P., Engelman, R., & Anastasion, D. (2003). The security demographic: Population and civil conflict after the Cold War. Washington, DC: Population Action International.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Code of Civil Procedure, Law No. 08-05, 2007 (Morocco).Google Scholar
  8. El Mahassine Fassi-Fihri, A. (2010). Morocco. In B. Brenneur (Ed.), Overview of judicial mediation in the world (1st ed., pp. 351–359). Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  9. Huda, Q. U. (2010). Crescent and dove: Peace and conflict resolution in Islam. Chicago: US Institute of Peace Press.Google Scholar
  10. Karmali, A. (2009). The influence of sharia norms of dispute settlement and international law: The International Court of Justice, room for accommodation. The International Journal of Arbitration, Mediation and Dispute Management, 75(309), 317–319.Google Scholar
  11. Kormos, R., & Liberto, S. (2006). Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) for commercial disputes in Morocco: Assessment and options for technical assistance. United States Agency for International Development (USAID/Morocco).Google Scholar
  12. Laala, H. (2016, January 30). Personal interview.Google Scholar
  13. Lederach, J. (1995). Preparing for peace. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Moore, C. (1986). The mediation process. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  15. Murphy, E. (2012). Problematizing Arab youth: Generational narratives of systemic failure. Mediterranean Politics, 17(1), 5–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. OECD. (2015). Investing in youth: Tunisia: Strengthening the employability of youth during the transition to a green economy. https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264226470-en
  17. OECD. (2016). Youth in the MENA region: How to bring them in. https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264265721-en
  18. Puig Larrauri, H., & Kahl, A. (2013). Technology for peacebuilding. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development, 2(3), 61. https://doi.org/10.5334/sta.cv CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sabri, M. (2017, January). Personal communication.Google Scholar
  20. Search for Common Ground Morocco. (2014a). Mid-term evaluation of the search for common ground Morocco project: Increasing civic participation among marginalized urban youth in Morocco. Rabat: Search for Common Ground.Google Scholar
  21. Search for Common Ground Morocco. (2014b). Alternative dispute resolution and mediation in Morocco (p. 13). Rabat: Search for Common Ground.Google Scholar
  22. Search for Common Ground, Tunisia. (2013). Mid-term evaluation of “Empowering Young Change Makersr” project. Retrieved from https://www.sfcg.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Tunisia-MEPI-Youth-Councils-Mid-Term-Evaluation-2013.pdf
  23. Stone, R., & Simmons, J. (1976). Change in Tunisia. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  24. Susskind, L., & Corburn, J. E. (1999). Using simulations to teach negotiation: Pedagogical theory and practice (PON Working Paper 99-3). Cambridge: Program on Negotiation at Harvard Law School.Google Scholar
  25. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. (2015). World population prospects: The 2015 revision, volume I: Comprehensive tables. ST/ESA/SER.A/379.Google Scholar
  26. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2013). World population prospects: The 2012 revision, volume I: Comprehensive tables. ST/ESA/SER.A/336.Google Scholar
  27. Urdal, H. (2006). A clash of generations? Youth bulges and political violence. International Studies Quarterly, 50(3), 607–629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. US House of Representatives Homeland Security Committee (2015). Final report of the task force on combating terrorist and foreign fighter travel.Google Scholar
  29. Wheatley, M. J. (2006). Leadership and the new science (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.Google Scholar
  30. The World Bank, World Development Indicators. (2012). GNI per capita, Atlas method. Retrieved from http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNP.PCAP.CD

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Peacebuilding and Youth DevelopmentBradfordUK
  2. 2.Conflict Resolution and EvaluationNYUSA

Personalised recommendations