Normal US Anatomy and Scanning Technique

  • Fabio Martino
  • Luca Maria Sconfienza
  • Alessandro Muda
  • Davide Orlandi


Ultrasound is a low-cost, quick and non-invasive imaging method, providing an excellent view of peripheral nerve anatomy as well as of surrounding structures. US provides high spatial resolution and the ability to explore long segments of nerve trunks in a single study, also allowing nerves examination in both static and dynamic conditions, during passive or active movements of the extremities. In this chapter, we describe the normal US anatomy and the scanning technique of the most relevant nerves of upper and lower limb also including dedicated anatomic schemes.


Ultrasound Peripheral nerves Power Doppler Sonoelastography Musculoskeletal system Anatomy 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Martino
    • 1
  • Luca Maria Sconfienza
    • 2
    • 3
  • Alessandro Muda
    • 4
  • Davide Orlandi
    • 5
  1. 1.Medico Radiologo AmbulatorialeASL BABariItaly
  2. 2.Department of Diagnostic and Interventional RadiologyIRCCS Istituto Ortopedico GaleazziMilanoItaly
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical Sciences for HealthUniversità degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyIRCCS Policlinico San Martino-ISTGenovaItaly
  5. 5.Department of RadiologyOspedale Evangelico InternazionaleGenovaItaly

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