Advertisement

Millennial Nomads, Uberization and Semi-autonomous Pods

  • Roxana KaramEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Adaptive Environments book series (SPSADENV)

Abstract

The increasing amounts of data in the urban environment and the rise of data-driven design practices are generating an emerging paradigm of smart city planning. In response, this chapter addresses issues of mobility, data, and inhabitation within contemporary speculative architecture and urban informatics. Drawing on the “Future City Glasgow (http://futurecity.glasgow.gov.uk.)” project, this chapter argues that the study of temporary habitation units will be instrumental in addressing two significant real-world issues affecting future cities, namely, mobility and migration. Focusing on the reuse of ‘personal data’, this research explores potential solutions for siting temporary living units within cities, and suggests a new system of short-term habitation that accommodates the needs of mobile citizens, such as mobile students. The proposed system follows the concepts and ideas of post-Fordism (Post-Fordism term in this text refers to the decentralization and “decentred society” and as characterized by Albertsen (1988).) architectural history in urban dynamics and housing strategies, and adopts the process of “Uberization” as an interactive, decentralized system of accommodation provision. Semi-autonomous habitation units are proposed as part of an interactive architectural system, which situates those units in response to individuals’ personal data. The aim of this research was twofold: (a) elaborating on personal data considering its limitations, concerns, and potentialities within creative architectural practice, and (b) addressing data-driven interventions within the urban environment. The ‘personal data’ used in this research was obtained from two sources, Instagram and Airbnb (The access to the data was limited to information on the number of active posts in each location and the location ID (latitude and longitude). The data protection and ethical standards were followed according to the data protection regulation on both sources.). Information processed from both sources was limited to an aggregation of geo-tagged online activities, (Instagram: number of hashtags and Airbnb: number of listings.) which was mapped and illustrated as ‘locative data intensities’. The research contributes by discussing these key questions: (1) How can real-world concerns such as mobility and migration be addressed through a narration of data analytics in smart city planning?; (2) What is the position of personal data in speculative urban informatics and the built environment?; (3) What are the limitations and potentialities of personal data in smart cities’ approaches towards a sustainable urban environment?

Keywords

Uberization Personal data Pod architecture Urban informatics 

References

  1. Albertsen N (1988) Postmodernism, post-fordism, and critical social theory. Environ Plann D Soc Space 6(3):339–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beekmans J, De Boer J (2014) Pop-up city: city-making in a fluid world. BIS, Amsterdam, the NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  3. Costello L (2009) Urban-rural migration: housing availability and affordability. Aust Geogr 40(2):219–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Coyne R (2016) Mood and mobility navigating the emotional spaces of digital social networks. MIT Press, Cambridge, MassachusettsGoogle Scholar
  5. Coyne R, Onabolu T (2017) Blockchain for architects: challenges from the sharing economy. 21(4):369–374Google Scholar
  6. Dade-Robertson M (2012) The architecture of information: architecture, interaction design and the patterning of digital information. Routledge, AbingdonGoogle Scholar
  7. Documents.worldbank.org (2018) [online] Available at: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/445651508415857577/pdf/120539-replacement-PUBLIC.pdf. Accessed 3 Jun 2018
  8. Engeli M (2000) Digital stories: the poetics of communication, Basel. Birkhäuser, BostonGoogle Scholar
  9. Frampton K, Corbusier Le (2001) Le Corbusier. Thames & Hudson, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. Gillespie A, Richardson R (2000) Teleworking and the city. In: Cities in the telecommunications age: the fracturing of geographiesGoogle Scholar
  11. Harris E (2015) Navigating pop-up geographies: urban space-times of flexibility. Interstitiality and immersion. Geography Compass 9(11):592–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Harris B (2017) Uber, lyft, and regulating the sharing economy. Seattle Univ Law Rev 41(1):269–285Google Scholar
  13. Hepworth ME (1987) The information city. Cities 4(3):253–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Howeleryoon.com (2017) Filene’s Eco Pods | Höweler + Yoon. [Online] Available at: http://www.howeleryoon.com/projects/eco-pods. Accessed 11 Mar 2017
  15. Institutions.ukcisa.org.uk (2017) UKCISA—International students in UK HE—International student statistics: UK higher education. [Online] Available at: https://institutions.ukcisa.org.uk/Info-for-universities-colleges–schools/Policy-research–statistics/Research–statistics/International-students-in-UK-HE/#International-(non-UK)-students-in-UK-HE-in-2015-16. Accessed 25 Apr 2017
  16. Janson A, Krohn C (2008) Le Corbusier: Unité d’habitation. Edition Axel Menges, Marseille, FellbachGoogle Scholar
  17. Keith M (2014) The great migration: urban aspirations. The great migration: urban aspirations, p 6879. Policy Research Working PaperGoogle Scholar
  18. Kitchin R (2011) The programmable city. Environ Plan 38(6):945–951CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kitchin R (2014) The data revolution: big data, open data, data infrastructures and their consequences. Sage, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  20. Kloeckl K, Senn O, Ratti C (2012) Enabling the real-time city: LIVE Singapore! J Urban Technol 19(2):89–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kurokawa K (1977) Metabolism in architecture. Studio Vista, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Lin Z (2011) Nakagin capsule tower: revisiting the future of the recent past. J Archit Educ 65(1):13–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mathews S (2005) The fun palace: cedric price’s experiment in architecture and technology. Technoetic Arts 3(2):73–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Menfors M, Fernstedt F (2015) Geotagging in social media: exploring the privacy paradoxGoogle Scholar
  25. Neff G, Nafus D (2016) Self-tracking. MIT Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Novak M (1991) Liquid architectures of cyberspace. In: Benedikt M (ed) Cyberspace: first steps. The MIT Press, Cambridge, 1992, pp 225–254Google Scholar
  27. Oliveira F (2011) Of metabolism: future cities for our contemporary world. In: Revista de pesquisa em arquitetura e urbanismo, vol 14, pp 77–81. (online)Google Scholar
  28. Peter Š (2013) The plug-in concept: technology and aesthetics of change. Arhitektura, AR, pp 42–51Google Scholar
  29. Portes A (2010) Migration and social change: some conceptual reflections. J Ethnic Migr Stud 36(10):1537–1563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ratti C, Claudel M (2015) Open source architecture. Thames & Hudson, LondonGoogle Scholar
  31. Schiller JH, Voisard AS (2004) Location-based services. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Francisco, CA, San Francisco, CAGoogle Scholar
  32. Schumacher P (2011) The autopoiesis of architecture. Wiley Publication, Chichester, West Sussex U.K.Google Scholar
  33. Schank RC, Morson GS (1995) Tell me a story: narrative and intelligence. Northwestern University Press, Evanston, IllGoogle Scholar
  34. Speed C, Maxwell D (2015) Designing through value constellations. Interactions 22(5):38–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Solomon Y (2007) Kurokawa’s Capsule Tower to be razed. (Kisho Kurokawa’s efforts to prevent the demolition of the Nakagin Capsule Tower). Archit Record 195:34Google Scholar
  36. Tan Y, Qian Q, Mori K (2009) Role autonomous decentralized system architecture towards system evolution. In: ISADS’09. International symposium on autonomous decentralized systems, pp 1–7. IEEEGoogle Scholar
  37. Thakuriah PV, Tilahun N, Zellner M (eds) (2016) Seeing cities through big data: research, methods and applications in urban informatics. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  38. Townsend AM (2000) Life in the real-time city: mobile telephones and urban metabolism. J Urban Technol 7(2):85–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Velikov K (2015) Tuning up the city: cedric price’s detroit think grid. J Archit Educ 69(1):40–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Winters JV (2011) Why are smart cities growing? Who moves and who stays. J Reg Sci 51(2):253–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zervas G, Proserpio D, Byers JW (2017) The rise of the sharing economy: estimating the impact of Airbnb on the hotel industry. J Mark Res 54(5):687–705CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (ESALA), Edinburgh College of ArtUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK

Personalised recommendations