Advertisement

On the Temporality of Adaptive Built Environments

  • Hamed S. AlaviEmail author
  • Himanshu Verma
  • Jakub Mlynar
  • Denis Lalanne
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Adaptive Environments book series (SPSADENV)

Abstract

Recognizing the relation between inhabitants and their built environments as a feedback loop, our aim is to capture the temporality of this loop in various scenarios of adaptation. We specifically focus on the emerging types of adaptation that are motivated by digitally acquired personal data, leading to either automation or action taken by the building stakeholders. Between the microscopic daily mutations (e.g. automated adaptation to occupants’ presence or activity) and the macroscopic evolution of built environments, we identify a “mesoscopic” scale and argue for broadening its consideration in the research domain of adaptive built environments. In mesoscopic adaptations, inhabitants’ data undergo a process of thorough analysis and scrutiny, the results of which inform the re-envisioning of building design for its next cycles over the course of months-years. This contribution distinguishes and elaborates on four temporal scales of adaptation (minutes-hours, days-weeks, months-years, decades-centuries) and then exemplifies the meso-scale with a study conducted over three years within a living lab context. Through this example, we also aim to demonstrate the opportunity for living lab methodologies to contribute to the research on adaptive built environments at the mesoscopic scale.

Keywords

Human-building interaction Temporality of adaptations Living lab Mesoscopic developments Human-centric architecture 

References

  1. Assmann A, Conrad S (eds) (2010) Memory in a Global Age: discourses. Practices and trajectories. Palgrave Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Adoni H, Mane S (1984) Media and the social construction of reality: toward an integration of theory and research. Commun Res 11(3):323–340.  https://doi.org/10.1177/009365084011003001Google Scholar
  3. Ahmed S (1999) Home and away: narratives of migration and estrangement. Int J Cultural Stud 2(3):329–347.  https://doi.org/10.1177/136787799900200303Google Scholar
  4. Alavi HS, Verma H, Mlynar J, Lalanne D (2018) The Hide and Seek of Workspace: Towards Human-Centric Sustainable Architecture. In: Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, CHI ’18, pp 75:1–75:12.  https://doi.org/10.1145/3173574.3173649
  5. Alavi HS, Churchill E, Kirk D, Nembrini J, Lalanne D (2016b) Deconstructing human-building interaction. Interactions 23(6):60–62Google Scholar
  6. Alavi H, Lalanne D, Nembrini J, Churchill E, Kirk D, Moncur W (2016a) Future of human-building interaction. In: Proceeding of CHI’16 Extended Abstracts, ACM, pp 3408–3414Google Scholar
  7. Ardakani MK, Oloonabadi SSA (2011) Collective memory as an efficient agent in sustainable urban conservation. Procedia Engineer 21(Supplement C):985–988,  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.2103, 2011 International Conference on Green Buildings and Sustainable CitiesGoogle Scholar
  8. Beck MP (2012) Visibility and exposure in workspaces. In: Proceedings of the 9th International Space Syntax Symposium (2012) Sejong University. Seoul, South KoreaGoogle Scholar
  9. Bell DSA (2003) Mythscapes: memory, mythology, and national identity. Brit J Sociol 54(1):63–81Google Scholar
  10. Benedikt ML (1979) To take hold of space: isovists and isovist fields. Environ Plann B 6(1):47–65Google Scholar
  11. Bier H (2014) Robotic building(s). Next Gener Build 1(1):83–92Google Scholar
  12. Boyer MC (1994) The city of collective memory: its historical imagery and architectural entertainments. MIT Press, Cambridge/LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Brambilla A, Alavi H, Verma H, Lalanne D, Jusselme T, Andersen M (2017) Our inherent desire for control: a case study of automation’s impact on the perception of comfort. Enrgy Proced 122:925–930Google Scholar
  14. Brand S (1995) How buildings learn: what happens after they’re built. Penguin, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Brian E, Jaisson M (2011) Selected bibliography of memory studies. Int Soc Sci J 62(203–204):199–204Google Scholar
  16. Creet J, Kitzmann A (2011) Memory and migration: multidisciplinary approaches to memory studies. University of Toronto Press, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  17. Dalsgaard P, Halskov K (2010) Designing urban media façades: cases and challenges. In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, pp 2277–2286Google Scholar
  18. De Croon E, Sluiter J, Kuijer PP, Frings-Dresen M (2005) The effect of office concepts on worker health and performance: a systematic review of the literature. Ergonomics 48(2):119–134Google Scholar
  19. de Wilde S, van den Dobbelsteen A (2004) Space use optimisation and sustainability-environmental comparison of international cases. J Environ Manage 73(2):91–101Google Scholar
  20. Dieberger A, Dourish P, Höök K, Resnick P, Wexelblat A (2000) Social navigation: Techniques for building more usable systems. Interactions 7(6):36–45Google Scholar
  21. Domingues JM (1995) Sociological theory and the space-time dimension of social systems. Time Soc 4(2):233–250Google Scholar
  22. Eglin P, Hester S (2003) The montreal massacre: a story of membership categorization analysis. Wilfrid Laurier University Press, WaterlooGoogle Scholar
  23. Elder GHJ, Giele JZ (2009) Life course studies: an evolving field. The craft of life course research. Guilford Press, New York, pp 1–24Google Scholar
  24. Elliott J (2005) Using narrative in social research: qualitative and quantitative approaches. Sage Publications, LondonGoogle Scholar
  25. Friedland R, Boden D (1994) NowHere: space, time, and modernity. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  26. Gamson WA, Croteau D, Hoynes W, Sasson T (1992) Media images and the social construction of reality. Annu Rev Sociol 18:373–393Google Scholar
  27. Garfinkel H (1967) Studies in ethnomethodology. Prentice Hall, Englewood CliffsGoogle Scholar
  28. Garfinkel H, Rawls AW (2002) Ethnomethodology’s Program: working Out Durkheim’s Aphorism. Rowman and Littlefield, LanhamGoogle Scholar
  29. Gibb CA (1950) The sociometry of leadership in temporary groups. Sociometry 13(3):226–243Google Scholar
  30. Giddens A (1990) The consequences of modernity. Stanford University Press, StanfordGoogle Scholar
  31. Gross D (1982) Time-space relations in giddens’ social theory. Theor Cult Soc 1(2):83–88Google Scholar
  32. Halbwachs M (1980) The collective memory. Harper and Row, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  33. Hillier B (1998) Space is the machine: a configurational theory of architecture. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  34. Hillier B, Penn A (1991) Visible colleges: structure and randomness in the place of discovery. Sci Context 4(1):23–50Google Scholar
  35. Höök K, Löwgren J (2012) Strong concepts: Intermediate-level knowledge in interaction design research. ACM Trans Comput-Hum Interact 19(3):23:1–23:18.  https://doi.org/10.1145/2362364.2362371Google Scholar
  36. Lenette C (2014) I am a widow, mother and refugee: narratives of two refugee widows resettled to Australia. J Refug Stud 27(3):403–421.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fet045Google Scholar
  37. Leudar I, Nekvapil J (2004) Media dialogical networks and political argumentation. J Lang Polit 3(2):247–266Google Scholar
  38. Licoppe C, Luff PK, Heath C, Kuzuoka H, Yamashita N, Tuncer S (2017) Showing objects: Holding and manipulating artefacts in video-mediated collaborative settings. In: Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, CHI ’17, pp 5295–5306.  https://doi.org/10.1145/3025453.3025848
  39. Luff P, Heath C, Kuzuoka H, Hindmarsh J, Yamazaki K, Oyama S (2003) Fractured ecologies: creating environments for collaboration. Hum-Comput Interact 18(1):51–84Google Scholar
  40. Menard S (2002) Longitudinal research, 2nd edn. Sage Publications, LondonGoogle Scholar
  41. Mlynar J (2014) Language and collective memory: insights from social theory. Slovak J. Polit. Sci. 14(3):217–236Google Scholar
  42. Mlynar J, Gonzalez-Martinez E, Lalanne D (2018) Situated organization of video-mediated interaction: a review of ethnomethodological and conversation analytic studies. Interact Comput 30(2):73–84Google Scholar
  43. Nabil S, Kirk D, Ploetz T, Wright P (2017) Designing future ubiquitous homes with oui interiors: possibilities and challenges. Interact. Des. Architect. 32:28–37Google Scholar
  44. Nora P (1998) Realms of memory: rethinking the French past. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  45. Pekarek Doehler S, Wagner J, Gonzalez-Martinez E (eds) (2018) Longitudinal Studies on the Organization of Social Interaction. Palgrave Macmillan, London, UK.  https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-57007-9Google Scholar
  46. Plowright P (2017) Humanness and architecture: Latent value systems in architectural theory. ARCC 2017 Architectural Research Conference: Architecture of Complexity, pp 16–25Google Scholar
  47. Ployhart RE, Vandenberg RJ (2010) Longitudinal research: the theory, design, and analysis of change. J Manage 36(1):94–120Google Scholar
  48. Psathas G (1986) Some sequential structures in direction-giving. Hum Stud 9(2–3):231–246Google Scholar
  49. Rawls AW (2005) Garfinkel’s conception of time. Tim Soc 14(2–3):163–190Google Scholar
  50. Rogers Y (2006) Moving on from weiser’s vision of calm computing: Engaging ubicomp experiences. In: International conference on Ubiquitous computing, Springer, pp 404–421Google Scholar
  51. Sacks H (1992) Lectures on conversation I-II. Blackwell, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  52. Sailer K, Koutsolampros P, Austwick MZ, Varoudis T, Hudson-Smith A (2016) Measuring interaction in workplaces. In: Architecture and Interaction, Springer, pp 137–161Google Scholar
  53. Schegloff EA (1972) Notes on a conversational practice: formulating place. In: Sudnow D (ed) Studies in social interaction. Free Press, New York, pp 75–119Google Scholar
  54. Schegloff EA (2007) Sequence organization in interaction: a primer in conversation analysis, vol 1. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  55. Schnädelbach H (2010) Adaptive architecture - A conceptual framework. In: Proceedings of Media City: Interaction of Architecture, Media and Social Phenomena, pp 523–555Google Scholar
  56. Shach-Pinsly D, Fisher-Gewirtzman D, Burt M (2011) Visual exposure and visual openness: an integrated approach and comparative evaluation. J. Urban Des. 16(2):233–256Google Scholar
  57. Sorokin P, Merton RK (1937) Social time: a methodological and functional analysis. Am J Sociol 42(5):615–629Google Scholar
  58. Subrt J (2017) The perspective of historical sociology: the individual as homo sociologicus through society and history. Emerald Publishing, BingleyGoogle Scholar
  59. Verma H, Alavi HS, Lalanne D (2017) Studying Space Use: Bringing HCI Tools to Architectural Projects. In: Proceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM, CHI ’17, pp 3856–3866.  https://doi.org/10.1145/3025453.3026055
  60. Wallerstein I (1998) The time of space and the space of time: the future of social science. Polit Geogr 17(1):71–82Google Scholar
  61. Wigginton M, Harris J (2013) Intelligent skins. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  62. Yang R, Newman MW (2013) Learning from a learning thermostat: lessons for intelligent systems for the home. In: Proceedings of the 2013 ACM international joint conference on Pervasive and ubiquitous computing, ACM, pp 93–102Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamed S. Alavi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Himanshu Verma
    • 2
  • Jakub Mlynar
    • 2
  • Denis Lalanne
    • 2
  1. 1.University College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Human-IST InstituteUniversity of FribourgFribourgSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations