Vascular Emergencies of the Retroperitoneum: Recent Advances in MDCT and Interventional Radiology

  • Anna Maria Ierardi
  • Francesca Iacobellis
  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello
  • Filippo Pesapane
  • Refky Nicola
  • Mariano Scaglione


Vascular emergencies of the retroperitoneum can arise from traumatic or nontraumatic arterial or venous injuries. Advances in interventional radiology technique have permitted less invasive alternative treatments to surgery for the management of aortic and inferior vena cava acute injuries. In this chapter, the MDCT findings of large-vessel vascular emergencies within the retroperitoneum are discussed, with correlative interventional findings and treatment.


Vascular trauma Vascular emergencies Retroperitoneal bleeding Intramural hematoma Pseudoaneurysm Aortic aneurysm Artero-venous fistula Aorto-caval fistula Aorto-enteric fistula Inferior vena cava thrombosis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Maria Ierardi
    • 1
  • Francesca Iacobellis
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gianpaolo Carrafiello
    • 1
  • Filippo Pesapane
    • 1
  • Refky Nicola
    • 4
  • Mariano Scaglione
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology DepartmentUniversity of Milan, San Paolo HospitalMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of Diagnostic Imaging“Pineta Grande” HospitalCastel VolturnoItaly
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”NaplesItaly
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Massachusetts, Memorial Medical CenterWorcesterUSA
  5. 5.Department of RadiologyCity Hospitals Sunderland, NHS Foundation TrustSunderlandUK

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