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Cardiac Cell Culture Microtechnologies Based on Stem Cells

  • Anna Kobuszewska
  • Patrycja Sokolowska
  • Elzbieta JastrzebskaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Stem cells (SCs) are the main source of biological material used in cell therapy and tissue engineering. Additionally, these cells are being investigated as a potential therapy technique for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and heart regeneration. To improve the investigation of SC proliferation and maturation, the Lab-on-a-Chip systems are being developed. There are many reports, which have proven that such microsystems have been successfully used for SC differentiation into different cell lineages. In this chapter, we present Heart-on-a-chip systems based on stem cells—the microsystems utilized for SC differentiation into cardiomyocytes (CMs). Various types of SC differentiation performed in Lab-on-a-chip systems are presented at the beginning of this chapter. Next, biochemical, physical and mechanical stimulations are presented as techniques to perform cardiogenesis. Other promising methods, especially the use of graphene and their other forms, which could be used for cardiac differentiation, are presented at the end of this chapter. Finally, we summarize the research focused on heart regeneration using the Lab-on-a-chip systems, and we outline future perspectives for microsystem usage for SC differentiation into CMs.

Keywords

Cardiomyocytes Cardiovascular diseases Differentiation Heart-on-a-chip Microsystems Stem cells 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was realized with the frame of project LIDER No. LIDER/026/573/L-4/12/NCBR/2013.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Kobuszewska
    • 1
  • Patrycja Sokolowska
    • 1
  • Elzbieta Jastrzebska
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.The Chair of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of ChemistryWarsaw University of TechnologyWarsawPoland

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