Transrational Peaces and Pax Technologica: On Artificial Intelligence, Peace Studies and Systemic Constellation Work
The chapter first retakes the findings of Harvard psychologist Steven Pinker on the continuous decrease of violence in the course of human history. Against all feelings of the daily increase of violence, we are thus confronted with the question ‘what is it that we have done well and that could be fostered further, considering that we live in the most peaceful period of human history?’ And furthermore: ‘how can we adequately respond to the hyper-complex global problems that our intelligence seems to be ever less capable to do?’ From this starting point, the chapter presents the rapid development of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its potential to contribute to peace—after an extensive discussion of different forms of AI, as well as its positive and potential negative effects. Terms like technological singularity, post- and transhuman development have so far been only little received in Peace Studies. This chapter discusses them, relates them to the concept of transrational peaces and connects to a mysticism understood as radical realism. Systemic constellations are described in their consubstantiality to AI and in their potential to foster peace. The text concludes with a perspective on introducing AI as teaching subject in Peace Studies, because ultimately transrational peaces, elicitive conflict transformation, systemic constellations and AI lead towards the same: to love as the concept-free, transrational and irresistible essence of reality.
- ———. 2017. Elicitive Conflict Mapping. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Edge. 2017a. 2016: What Do You Consider The Most Interesting Recent [Scientific] News? What Makes It Important? Edge. https://www.edge.org/annual-question/what-do-you-consider-the-most-interesting-recent-scientific-news-what-makes-it. Accessed 21 Aug.
- ———. 2017b. 2016: What Do You Consider The Most Interesting Recent [Scientific] News? What Makes It Important? Edge. https://www.edge.org/contributors/what-do-you-consider-the-most-interesting-recent-scientific-news-what-makes-it. Accessed 22 Aug.
- Eilenberger, Wofram. 2016, interviewed by Annette Langer. 2014. Das Ende der Lebenslüge. Spiegel Online, January 11. http://www.spiegel.de/panorama/gesellschaft/fluechtlinge-das-ende-der-lebensluege-a-1071077.html.
- Ex Machina. 2015. Directed by Alex Garland. United Kingdom: Form4 DNA Films.Google Scholar
- Future of Life Institute. 2017. Autonomous Weapons: An Open Letter from AI & Robotics Researchers. http://futureoflife.org/open-letter-autonomous-weapons/. Accessed 28 Aug.
- Knight, Will. 2016. Could AI Solve the World’s Biggest Problems? MIT Technology Review. https://www.technologyreview.com/s/545416/could-aisolve-the-worlds-biggest-problems/.
- Kurzweil, Raymond. 2015. Menschheit 2.0: Die Singularität naht. Berlin: Lola.Google Scholar
- Mahr, Albrecht. 2016. Von den Illusionen einer unbeschwerten Kindheit und dem Glück, erwachsen zu sein. Munich: Scorpio.Google Scholar
- Morris, Ian. 2014. War! What Is It Good For? Conflict and the Progress of Civilization from Primates to Robots. New York: Farrar, Strauß and Giroux.Google Scholar
- Peter Lang Verlagsgruppe. 2017. Beyond Humanism: Trans- and Posthumanism/Jenseits des Humanismus: Trans – und Posthumanismus. https://www.peterlang.com/view/serial/BEYHU. Accessed 31 Aug.
- Pinker, Steven. 2011. The Better Angels of Nature. Why Violence Has Declined. New York: Viking Books.Google Scholar
- ———. 2014. Has the Decline of Violence Reversed Since The Better Angels of Our Nature Was Written? https://stevenpinker.com/has-decline-violence-reversed-better-angels-our-nature-was-written.
- ———. 2015. Now for the Good News: Things Really Are Getting Better. The Guardian, September 11, http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/sep/11/news-isis-syria-headlines-violence-steven-pinker.
- ———. 2017. Human Progress Quantified. https://www.edge.org/response-detail/26616. Accessed 22 Aug.
- Scharmer, Otto. 2016. Theory U: Leading from the Future as It Emerges. 2nd ed. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.Google Scholar
- Tallinn, Jaan. 2016. Der unnatürliche Feind des Menschen. Süddeutsche Zeitung, March 15.Google Scholar