Advertisement

The LithoRec Process

  • Jan Diekmann
  • Sergej Rothermel
  • Sascha Nowak
  • Arno Kwade
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Production, Life Cycle Engineering and Management book series (SPLCEM)

Abstract

The LithoRec projects were funded by the German Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation Building and Nuclear Safety and VDI/VDE Innovation+Technik GmbH. The projects aimed to develop a new recycling process for lithium-ion batteries from electric and hybrid electric vehicles with a focus on energy efficiency and a high material recycling rate. The developed process route combines mechanical, mild thermal and hydrometallurgical treatment to regain nearly all materials of a battery system.

References

  1. Diekmann J, Hanisch C, Froböse L, Schälicke G, Loellhoeffel T, Fölster A-S, Kwade A (2016a) Ecological recycling of lithium-ion batteries from electric vehicles with focus on mechanical processes. J Electrochem Soc 164(1):A6184–A6191.  https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0271701jes CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Diekmann J, Hanisch C, Loellhoeffel T, Schälicke G, Kwade A (2016b) Ecologically friendly recycling of lithium-ion batteries-the lithorec - process. ECS Trans The Electrochem Soc 73:9Google Scholar
  3. Hanisch C, Diekmann J, Stieger A, Haselrieder W, Kwade A (2015) Recycling of lithium-ion batteries. In: Yan J (ed) Handbook of clean energy systems. Wiley, UKGoogle Scholar
  4. Herrmann C, Raatz A, Mennenga M, Schmitt J, Andrew S, Assessment of automation potentials for the disassembly of automotive lithium ion battery systems. In: 19th CIRP international conference on life cycle engineering. BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  5. Hoyer C, Kieckhäfer K, Spengler TS (2014) Technology and capacity planning for the recycling of lithium-ion electric vehicle batteries in Germany. J Bus Econ 85(5):505–544.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11573-014-0744-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Krüger S, Hanisch C, Kwade A, Winter M, Nowak S (2014) Effect of impurities caused by a recycling process on the electrochemical performance of Li[Ni0.33Co0.33Mn0.33]O2. J Electroanal Chem 726:91–96.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2014.05.017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kwade A, Bärwaldt G (eds) (2012) Abschlussbericht “Recycling von Lithium-Ionen-Batterien”Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Diekmann
    • 1
  • Sergej Rothermel
    • 2
  • Sascha Nowak
    • 2
  • Arno Kwade
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Particle Technology, Battery LabFactory BraunschweigTechnische Universität BraunschweigBraunschweigGermany
  2. 2.MEET Battery Research CenterUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany

Personalised recommendations