• Roy Bendor
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Media and Environmental Communication book series (PSMEC)


This chapter focuses on interactive media that promote imaginative engagement with sustainability. By deploying what I call “worldmaking interactions,” the interactive media discussed in this chapter seek to cultivate their users’ capacity to imagine and pursue alternative social, scientific, and political configurations. Sustainability emerges from such media as an imaginary, a means by which deeply held beliefs about the world can be made visible and legible, can be evaluated and perhaps even transformed.


  1. Alvarez, A. C. (2017, April 26). Envisioning New Futures: Steve Lambert and Stephen Duncombe on Artistic Activism. Creative Capital Blog. Retrieved from
  2. Arias-Maldonado, M. (2013). Rethinking Sustainability in the Anthropocene. Environmental Politics, 22(3), 428–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Augé, M. (2015). The Future. London/New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  4. Bakhtin, M. M. (1981). The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays (trans: Holquist, M.). Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  5. Bendor, R. (2018). Interaction Design for Sustainability Futures: Towards Worldmaking Interactions. In M. Hazas & L. P. Nathan (Eds.), Digital Technology and Sustainability: Engaging the Paradox (pp. 205–216). New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bendor, R., Anacleto, J., Facey, D., Fels, S., Herron, T., Maggs, D., et al. (2015). Sustainability in an Imaginary World. Interactions, 22(5), 54–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bendor, R., Maggs, D., Peake, R., Robinson, J., & Williams, S. (2017). The Imaginary Worlds of Sustainability: Observations from an Interactive Art Installation. Ecology and Society, 22(2), 17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bonneuil, C., & Fressoz, J.-B. (2017). The Shock of the Anthropocene. London/New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  9. Bottici, C. (2014). Imaginal Politics: Images Beyond Imagination and the Imaginary. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Caesar, M. (1999). Umberto Eco: Philosophy, Semiotics and the Work of Fiction. Oxford/Malden, MA: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  11. Caprara, G. V., Vecchione, M., Capanna, C., & Mebane, M. (2009). Perceived Political Self-Efficacy: Theory, Assessment, and Applications. European Journal of Social Psychology, 39(6), 1002–1020.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Casey, E. S. (1976). Imagining: A Phenomenological Study. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Castoriadis, C. (1997). The Imaginary Institution of Society (trans: Blamey, K.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  14. Cross, K., Gunster, S., Piotrowski, M., & Daub, S. (2015). News Media and Climate Politics: Civic Engagement and Political Efficacy in a Climate of Reluctant Cynicism. Vancouver: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. Retrieved from
  15. Deleuze, G., & Guattari, F. (1987). A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia (trans: Massumi, B.). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  16. Dewey, J. (1934). Art as Experience. New York: Paragon.Google Scholar
  17. Dijksterhuis, E. J. (1961). The Mechanization of the World Picture (trans: Dikshoorn, C.). London/New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Dunne, A., & Raby, F. (2013). Speculative Everything: Design, Fiction, and Social Dreaming. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  19. Eco, U. (1989). The Open Work (trans: Cancogni, A.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Eco, U. (1994). Six Walks in the Fictional Woods. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Ehgartner, U., Gould, P., & Hudson, M. (2017). On the Obsolescence of Human Beings in Sustainable Development. Global Discourse, 7(1), 66–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ehrenfeld, J. (2008). Sustainability by Design: A Subversive Strategy for Transforming Our Consumer Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Eisenstein, C. (2011). Sacred Economics: Money, Gift, and Society in the Age of Transition. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books.Google Scholar
  24. Erikson, J. (2012, March 5). Overcoming Barriers to a Green Economy. SustainAbility. Retrieved from
  25. Freud, S. (1920). A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis (trans: Hall, G. S.). New York: Boni & Liveright Publishers.Google Scholar
  26. Garrard, G., Handwerk, G., & Wilke, S. (2014). Introduction: “Imagining Anew: Challenges of Representing the Anthropocene”. Environmental Humanities, 5, 149–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ghosh, A. (2016, October 28). Where Is the Fiction About Climate Change? The Guardian. Retrieved from
  28. Goldberg, H. (2013, November 26). Where Film Marries Video Game. New York Times. Retrieved from
  29. Goodman, N. (1978). Ways of Worldmaking. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co.Google Scholar
  30. Haiven, M. (2014). Crises of Imagination, Crises of Power: Capitalism, Creativity and the Commons. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  31. Haiven, M., & Khasnabish, A. (2014). The Radical Imagination: Social Movement Research in the Age of Austerity. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  32. Kearney, R. (1998). Poetics of Imagining: Modern to Post-Modern (2nd ed.). New York: Fordham University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Kelly, K. (1995, June). Gossip Is Philosophy. Kevin Kelly Talks to Brian Eno. Wired, 3.05, 146–151, 204–149.Google Scholar
  34. Klein, N. (2014). This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate. Toronto: Alfred A. Knopf.Google Scholar
  35. Kuhn, T. S. (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  36. Latour, B. (2014). Agency at the Time of the Anthropocene. New Literary History, 45(1), 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Latour, B. (2017). Facing Gaia: Eight Lectures on the New Climatic Regime (trans: Porter, C.). Cambridge/Medford: Polity.Google Scholar
  38. Lövbrand, E., Beck, S., Chilvers, J., Forsyth, T., Hedrén, J., Hulme, M., et al. (2015). Who Speaks for the Future of Earth? How Critical Social Science Can Extend the Conversation on the Anthropocene. Global Environmental Change, 32, 211–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Maggs, D., & Robinson, J. (2016). Recalibrating the Anthropocene: Sustainability in an Imaginary World. Environmental Philosophy, 13(2), 175–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Malm, A. (2016). Fossil Capital: The Rise of Steam-Power and the Roots of Global Warming. London/New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  41. Malpass, M. (2017). Critical Design in Context: History, Theory, and Practices. London/New York: Bloomsburry.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Mann, G., & Wainwright, J. (2018). Climate Leviathan: A Political Theory of Our Planetary Future. London/New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  43. Marcuse, H. (1964/1991). One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  44. Marcuse, H. (2001). Beyond One-Dimensional Man. In D. Kellner (Ed.), Towards a Critical Theory of Society (pp. 111–120). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  45. McLuhan, M. (1964). Understanding Media; The Extensions of Man. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  46. McNichol, T. (2010). The Art Museum as Laboratory for Reimagining a Sustainable Future. In T. Thatchenkery, D. L. Cooperrider, & M. Avital (Eds.), Positive Design and Appreciative Construction: From Sustainable Development to Sustainable Value (pp. 177–193). Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Merleau-Ponty, M. (1968). The Visible and the Invisible (trans: Lingis, A.). Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Monbiot, G. (2017, September 9). How Do We Get Out of This Mess? The Guardian. Retrieved from
  49. Morozov, E. (2013, March 2). The Perils of Perfection. New York Times. Retrieved from
  50. Nash, K. (2014). Clicking on the Real: Telling Stories and Engaging Audiences Through Interactive Documentaries. Retrieved from
  51. Nogueira, P. (2015). Ways of Feeling: Audience’s Meaning Making in Interactive Documentary Through an Analysis of Fort McMoney. Punctum, 1(1), 79–93.Google Scholar
  52. Osborn, A. F. (1993). Applied Imagination; Principles and Procedures of Creative Problem-Solving (3rd rev. ed.). Buffalo: Creative Education Foundation.Google Scholar
  53. Rorty, R. (2007). Philosophy as a Transitional Genre. In Philosophy as Cultural Politics (pp. 3–28). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Sartre, J.-P. (2004). The Imaginary: A Phenomenological Psychology of the Imagination (trans: Webber, J.). London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  55. Stiegler, B. (1998). Technics and Time (Vol. 1: The Fault of Epimetheus) (trans: Beardsworth, R.). Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  56. Taylor, C. (2004). Modern Social Imaginaries. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Tresch, J. (2007). Technological World-Pictures: Cosmic Things and Cosmograms. Isis, 98(1), 84–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Trischler, H. (2016). The Anthropocene: A Challenge for the History of Science, Technology, and the Environment. NTM, 24(24), 309–335.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Turner, C. (2007). The Geography of Hope: A Tour of the World We Need. Toronto: Random House Canada.Google Scholar
  60. Uricchio, W., Wolozin, S., Bui, L., Flynn, S., & Tortum, D. (2015). Mapping the Intersection of Two Cultures: Interactive Documentary and Digital Journalism. Retrieved from
  61. Vervoort, J. M., Bendor, R., Kelliher, A., Strik, O., & Helfgott, A. E. R. (2015). Scenarios and the Art of Worldmaking. Futures, 74, 62–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Wals, A. E. J., & Corcoran, P. B. (2012). Re-orienting, Re-connecting and Re-imagining: Learning-Based Responses to the Challenge of (Un)sustainability. In A. E. J. Wals & P. B. Corcoran (Eds.), Learning for Sustainability in Times of Accelerating Change (pp. 21–32). Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Williams, A., & Srnicek, N. (2013). # Accelerate Manifesto for an Accelerationist Politics. Critical Legal Thinking, 14, 72–98.Google Scholar
  64. Wohlberg, M. (2013, December 2). Ideas Battle Online for Control of Fort McMoney. Northern Journal. Retrieved from
  65. Wright, C., Nyberg, D., De Cock, C., & Whiteman, G. (2013). Future Imaginings: Organizing in Response to Climate Change. Organization, 20(5), 647–658.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Yusoff, K., & Gabrys, J. (2011). Climate Change and the Imagination. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 2, 516–534.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy Bendor
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations