Financial Openness, Financial Stability, and Macroeconomic Performance in Turkey: A Comparative Perspective



Although economic theory argues that financial openness promotes economic growth, several experiences in developing countries do not support this theoretical reality. Turkish experience is one of the best examples since Turkey suffered three financial crises in 1994, 1998–1999, and 2000–2001, following the liberalization policies implemented through the 1980s, but managed to improve economic outcomes dramatically in the post-2001 period. This is mainly due to more effective fiscal and monetary management, strengthened banking regulation, and conservative banking practices pursued over the last decade and a half that significantly contributed to greater financial stability. Hence, this paper argues that to raise the potential benefits of financial openness, particularly in emerging countries, it should be implemented in a well-designed, effective supervisory and regulatory framework and in a sequenced manner.


Financial openness Financial stability Crisis Growth Turkey 

JEL Codes

E44 G01 G18 O4 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Ari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political Science and Public AdministrationMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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