Understanding Anthropomorphism: Anthropomorphism is not a Reverse Process of Dehumanization

  • Jakub ZłotowskiEmail author
  • Hidenobu Sumioka
  • Christoph Bartneck
  • Shuichi Nishio
  • Hiroshi Ishiguro
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10652)


Anthropomorphism plays an important role in human interaction with robots. However, our understanding of this phenomenon is still limited. In the previous research, we proposed to look at the work on dehumanization in order to understand what factors can affect a robot’s anthropomorphism. Moreover, considering that there are two distinct dimensions of humanness, a two-dimensional model of anthropomorphism was proposed. In this paper we present a study in which we manipulated the perceived intentionality of a robot and appearance (Robovie R2 vs Geminoid HI-2), and measured how they affected the anthropomorphization of the robots on two dimensions of humanness. We did not find statistically significant differences in attribution of human traits and mind along two dimensions of humanness. However, after dividing the traits based on their valence, we found that Geminoid HI-2 was attributed significantly more negative human traits than Robovie R2. These results do not support the proposed two-dimensional model of anthropomorphism.


Anthropomorphism Dehumanization Human-Robot Interaction Moral agency 



The authors would like to thank Kaiko Kuwamura, Daisuke Nakamichi, Junya Nakanishi, Masataka Okubo and Kurima Sakai for their help with data collection. This work was partially supported by JST CREST (Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology) research promotion program “Creation of Human-Harmonized Information Technology for Convivial Society” Research Area, ERATO and ISHIGURO symbiotic Human-Robot Interaction Project.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jakub Złotowski
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hidenobu Sumioka
    • 2
  • Christoph Bartneck
    • 1
  • Shuichi Nishio
    • 2
  • Hiroshi Ishiguro
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.HIT Lab NZUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand
  2. 2.Hiroshi Ishiguro LaboratoryAdvanced Telecommunications Research Institute InternationalKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Department of System Innovation, Graduate School of Engineering ScienceOsaka UniversityOsakaJapan

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