Advertisement

Use of Precedent as a Narrative Practice in Design Learning

  • Elizabeth Boling
  • Colin M. Gray
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, we discuss narrative as a tool for designing, with regard particularly to how narrative may characterize precedent. Precedent is a critical form of design knowledge, comprising the designer’s awareness and experience, direct or vicarious, of existing designs. Precedent informs an understanding of a design space, affords the generation of design moves within those spaces, and facilitates the creation of new solutions. We describe the narrative character of precedent and illustrate the narrative nature and use of precedent via an empirical study of masters-level student designers as they began to understand and attempt to articulate the precedent relationships that were informing their design activity.

Keywords

Precedent Design knowledge Narrative Instructional design 

References

  1. Abbott, H. P. (2008). The Cambridge introduction to narrative. Boston: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boling, E. (2010). The need for design cases: Disseminating design knowledge. International Journal of Designs for Learning, 1(1), 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boling, E., Gray, C. M., & Smith, K. M. (2015). Studio teaching in the low precedent context of instructional design. In LearnxDesign, 3rd international conference for design education researchers and PreK-16 design educators, Chicago, IL, 28–30 June 2015.Google Scholar
  4. Boling, E., & Smith, K. M. (2014). Critical issues in studio pedagogy: Beyond the mystique and down to business. In B. Hokanson & A. Gibbons (Eds.), Design thinking, design processes, and the design studio. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  5. Boling, E., Smith, K. M., Siegel, M., & Parrish, P. (2013). Student goes on a journey; stranger rides into to the classroom: Narratives and the instructor in the design studio. Presented at the Design Research Society//cumulus Conference, Oslo, Norway.Google Scholar
  6. Breitschmid, M. (2010). In defense of the validity of the “canon” in architecture. In Proceedings of the panel “Still on the Margin: Reflections on the Perspective of the Canon in Architectural History.” 1st conference of the European Architectural History Network, Guimaraes, Portugal, 17–20 June 2010.Google Scholar
  7. Gray, C. M. (in review). Ontologies of precedent in HCI research and practice. Google Scholar
  8. Gray, C. M., Seifert, C. M., Yilmaz, S., Daly, S. R., & Gonzalez, R. (2016). What is the content of “design thinking”? Design heuristics as conceptual repertoire. International Journal of Engineering Education, 32(3B), 1349–1355.Google Scholar
  9. Lawson, B. (2004). Schemata, gambits and precedent: Some factors in design expertise. Design Studies, 25(5), 443–457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lawson, B. (2012). What designers know. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. Lawson, B., & Dorst, K. (2013). Design expertise. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Nelson, H., & Stolterman, E. (2012). The design way: Intentional change in an unpredictable world. Boston: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  13. Oxman, R. (1994). A computational model for the organization of case knowledge of a design precedent. Design Studies, 15(2), 141–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Smith, K.M. & Boling, E. (2009). What do we make of design? Design as a concept in educational technology. Educational Technology, July/August, 2009.Google Scholar
  15. Smith, K. M. (2010). Producing the rigorous design case. International Journal of Designs for Learning, 1(1), 9–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Tulving, E. (1993). What is episodic memory? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2, 67–70. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8721.ep10770899.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Visser, W. (1995). Use of episodic knowledge and information in design problem solving. Design Studies, 16(2), 171–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.Purdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

Personalised recommendations