Organisational Outlooks and Barriers to Publishing
The survival and growth of the African and Afro-Caribbean community’s own newspapers and periodicals (outside of their countries of origin and during the immediate aftermaths of the Great War) is inextricably linked to collective activism. This chapter examines the relationship between black publishing and the organisational attitudes of authorities. Evidence ranges from lobbying correspondence to the British government by African and Afro-Caribbean organisations themselves, through to mainstream newspaper comment, discussions within and between British government departments and reports from police security departments, tracking the activities and transnational movements of editor/activists.
The way that the relationship between ideology, journalism, activism, and publishing played out in practice is well illuminated in this chapter by the perambulations of Hercules and Taylor. There was a direct connection between the institutional and official environment within which black newspapers were able to publish, operate, survive, and/or flourish, and the struggles of their editors to communicate and disseminate ‘alternative’ journalistic voices to their international readers. Discontent fuelled writing, and newspaper publishing, grounded in social and political organisations, was the main beneficiary.
KeywordsColonial Office British government Garvey DuBois Hercules Taylor West Indies Press controls Surveillance
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