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Insect Bites, Tick Bites, and Stings

  • Valeska Padovese
  • Federica Dassoni
  • Christos C. Zouboulis
Chapter

Abstract

Bites and stings typically result from an insect or tick trying to obtain a blood meal from a host. Clinically, they appear as erythematous papules that can be distributed singly, grouped, or generalized, depending on the amount of accessible skin and the number and type of the biting; a robust host response can produce bullae. Pruritus often results either as a direct result of the bite or as a host response to proteins injected into the skin by the insect. Stings involve the injection of venom into the victim and may cause reactions ranging from local irritation to life-threatening anaphylaxis. Although worldwide distributed, insects are numerous in humid hot climate zones, and, therefore, insect bite and sting-induced diseases commonly occur in dark skin populations. They are also common complains of visitors and returning travelers.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valeska Padovese
    • 1
  • Federica Dassoni
    • 2
  • Christos C. Zouboulis
    • 3
  1. 1.Genito-Urinary Clinic, Mater Dei Hospital, Ministry of HealthMsidaMalta
  2. 2.Ospedale Alessandro ManzoniLeccoItaly
  3. 3.Departments of Dermatology, Venereology, Allergology and ImmunologyDessau Medical Center, Brandenburg Medical School Theodor FontaneDessauGermany

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