Diseases in Pigmented Skin: An Introduction
The majority of the global population has non-Caucasian skin. In ethnic populations who live in hot climate zones, the skin appears colored; it is heavily pigmented or even black. The genetic background of such differences has been underinvestigated; it now comes into focus following various international projects. The molecular genetics underlying the diversity of pigmentation in humans is complex and fascinating [1, 2]. In addition to the differences in skin, hair, and eye color, there are variations among ethnic groups in body mass, height, disease susceptibility, and also in their response to drugs.
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