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Groundwater Resources Scarcity in Souss-Massa Region and Alternative Solutions for Sustainable Agricultural Development

  • I. Mansir
  • L. Bouchaou
  • R. Choukr-allah
  • B. Chebli
  • M. El Otmani
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Earth Sciences book series (EESCI)

Abstract

The Souss-Massa region, located in the south-west of Morocco, is among the regions that suffer the most from water stress. This region is characterized by an arid climate with low and irregular rainfall in time and space. Moreover, the economy of the region is mainly based on agriculture which consumes more than 90% of the region’s total water resources. As a result, in recent years, the groundwater overexploitation has exceeded the renewable resources and has led to the depletion of the different aquifers of Souss-Massa region. Furthermore, an excessive use of pesticides in agriculture and marine intrusion cause pollution and salinity of the groundwater. This study focuses on the vulnerability of groundwater resources and alternative solutions for agricultural development. This thematic allows the reuse of treated wastewater for irrigation, in order to reduce the water resources vulnerability in the Souss-Massa region.

Keywords

Groundwater Overexploitation Pollution Vulnerability Wastewater 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank of ABHSM for their cooperation in providing all the necessary data. We are grateful to the project entitled MADFORWATER for its financial support of this research.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Mansir
    • 1
  • L. Bouchaou
    • 2
  • R. Choukr-allah
    • 3
  • B. Chebli
    • 1
  • M. El Otmani
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of MechanicsProcesses Energy and Environment, National School of Applied SciencesAgadirMorocco
  2. 2.Laboratory of Geology and Geo-Environment, Faculty of SciencesIbn Zohr UniversityAgadirMorocco
  3. 3.Laboratory of Salinity and Plant NutritionHassan II Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary MedicineAgadirMorocco

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